camass

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camass

or

camas

(both: kăm`əs), any species of the genus Camassia (or Quamasia), hardy North American plants of the family Lilaceae (lilylily,
common name for the Liliaceae, a plant family numbering several thousand species of as many as 300 genera, widely distributed over the earth and particularly abundant in warm temperate and tropical regions.
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 family), chiefly of moist places in the far West, where their abundance has given rise to various place names. The bulbs of the common camass (C. quamash) were a staple food of Northwestern Native Americans; it is now cultivated as an ornamental for its showy blue to white blossoms. Camass, or quamash, was the Native American name. An eastern camass is called wild hyacinth. The death camass (Zygadenus venenosus), with leaves poisonous to sheep, is similar in appearance but distinguishable by having three styles instead of six. Camass is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Liliales, family Liliaceae.
References in periodicals archive ?
LILIACEAE: Aletris aurea, Hypoxis hirsuta, Melanthium virginicum, Zigadenus densus (K).
The status of Zigadenus (Liliaceae) in the West Gulf Coastal Plain.
Death Camas--Any perennial, poisonous, bulbous herb, Zigadenus paniculatrs, family Liliaceae, occurring mostly in the western United States.
Temporal patterns of seed set and decelerating fitness returns on female allocation in Zigadenus paniculatus (Liliaceae), an andromonoecious lily.
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of inflorescence size on male fitness in the lily Zigadenus paniculatus using experimental manipulations of inflorescence size.