ginger

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ginger,

common name for members of the Zingiberaceae, a family of tropical and subtropical perennial herbs, chiefly of Indomalaysia. The aromatic oils of many are used in making condiments, perfumes, and medicines, especially stimulants and preparations to ease stomach distress.

True ginger (Zingiber officinale), cultivated since ancient times in many countries, no longer grows wild. Commercial ginger is made from the root, a rhizomerhizome
or rootstock,
fleshy, creeping underground stem by means of which certain plants propagate themselves. Buds that form at the joints produce new shoots.
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, which is either preserved by candying or dried for medicines and spice. Studies have found some benefit from the use of ginger as an herbal medicine to treat nausea and vomiting, but other medicinal uses have not been as well substantiated by studies.

Other members of the ginger family also have uses as spices and in perfumery or traditional medicine; zedoary or white ginger (Curcuma zedoaria) and turmeric (C. longa) are grown for their rhizomes, and cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) and black cardamom (Amomum species) for their seed pods and seeds. The last three are often combined with ginger and other spices to make various curriescurry
[Malayalam], condiment much used in India and elsewhere in Asia and the Middle East, in combination with rice, meat, and a variety of other dishes. It is compounded of such spices as turmeric, fenugreek, cloves, cumin, ginger, black and hot red pepper, and coriander.
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. Turmeric root yields a yellow dye, and a compound derived from it, curcumin, is used to promote bile secretion by the liver. C. angustifolia is an East Indian arrowrootarrowroot,
any plant of the genus Maranta, usually large perennial herbs, of the family Marantaceae, found chiefly in warm, swampy forest habitats of the Americas and sometimes cultivated for their ornamental leaves.
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.

Ginger is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Zingiberales, family Zingiberaceae.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
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ginger

ginger

Works faster at preventing motion sickness or nausea than dramamine. Flower petals and tender young shoots may be eaten raw or cooked. Both fresh and dried ginger root have therapeutic properties for promoting the secretion of digestive juices, hypertension, headaches, morning sickness, colic, relieving and expelling gas, heartburn, digestive and intestinal cramps, dyspepsia and even chemotherapyinduced nausea. Ginger is the world's greatest herbal inhibitor of 5-LO enzymes, a chemical cousin of COX-2, the food source for prostate cancer cells. Without this food source, prostate cancer cells die within hours. Excellent for nausea, motion sickness (good for keeping food moving in a downward direction) arrests vomiting, alleviates pain, stops inflammation, eliminates swelling, induces sweat and inhibits pathogenic bacteria. It controls the quantity of free radicals in the body, thus limiting damage and aging.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ginger

 

(Zingiber officinale), a perennial tropical plant of the family Zingiberaceae. It is cultivated in the south of Asia. The rhizomes are fleshy, aboveground stalks up to 1 m tall, the leaves are lanceolate, the flowers are violet yellow and gathered into short, spike-shaped inflorescences. The rhizome has a pleasant aromatic odor, caused by the presence of an essential oil (1.2–3 percent in the air-dried root) and a stinging taste, dependent on the presence of the phenol-like substance, gingerol.

The dry rhizome, under the name “ginger,” is used in cooking as a condiment and is also used in the food industry for aromati-zation of certain products (jam, liqueur). According to the method of processing, two commercial varieties are distinguished: white, or Jamaica, ginger is washed, peeled, and sun-dried; black ginger is unpeeled, boiled or scalded, and sun-dried.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

ginger

[′jin·jər]
(botany)
Zingiber officinale. An erect perennial herb of the family Zingiberaceae having thick, scaly branched rhizomes; a spice oleoresin is made by an organic solvent extraction of the ground dried rhizome.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

ginger

1. any of several zingiberaceous plants of the genus Zingiber, esp Z. officinale of the East Indies, cultivated throughout the tropics for its spicy hot-tasting underground stem
2. any of certain related plants
3. 
a. a reddish-brown or yellowish-brown colour
b. (as adjective): ginger hair
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Ginger

A simple functional language from the University of Warwick with parallel constructs.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Zingiber officinale Rosc displayed the activity with MIC value of 240 [micro]g/mL for the chloroform fraction and 690 [micro]g/mL for n-hexane against Clostridium perfringens, a pathogen causing enterotoxenia of livestock [24].
(6.) Bordia, A., Verma, S.K., Srivastava, K.C.: Effect of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) and fenugreek on blood lipids, blood sugar and platelet aggregation in patients with coronary artery disease.
Table 1: Prescription Herb Dosage Herbal mix 1 weekly dose Avena sativa 1:2 (oats 20 mL green) Oynara soolymus 1:2 15 mL 7.5mL to be taken (globe artichoke) twice daily in a small amount of water Passiflora inoarnata 1:2 40 mL (passionflower) Asparagus raoemosus 30 mL 1:1 (Shatavari) 105 mL Herbal mix 2 6 drops to be taken equal parts Zingiber officinale in a small amount (Ginger) Gentiana luteum (Gentian) of water about 10 minutes before meals Ulmus rubra (Slippery elm) powder 1 heaped teaspoon to be mixed into a glass of water and taken daily away from meals by at least an hour
Zhou, "Effect of alcohol extract of Zingiber officinale rose on immunological function of mice with tumor," Journal of Hygiene Research, vol.
Valera, "Different extracts of Zingiber officinale decrease Enterococcus faecalis infection in Galleria mellonella," Brazilian Dental Journal, vol.
Jacobs, "Effects of drying on flavour compounds in Australian-grown ginger (Zingiber officinale)," Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, vol.
Habeebaet al., "Comparison of the transcriptomes of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) and mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb.) in response to the bacterial wilt infection," PLoS ONE, vol.
Rahmat, "Antioxidant activities, total phenolics and flavonoids content in two varieties of malaysia young ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe)," Molecules, vol.
(23.) JS Chang, KC Wang, CF Yeh, DE Shieh, and LC Chiang, "Fresh ginger (Zingiber officinale) has anti-viral activity against human respiratory syncytial virus in human respiratory tract cell lines," Journal of Ethnopharmacology 145, no.
Ginger (Zingiber officinale) reduces acute chemotherapy-induced nausea: a URCC CCOP study of 576 patients.