Zinji

Zinji

 

slaves from East Africa, who were brought to Iraq and Khuzistan between the seventh and the ninth century by Arabian and Iranian slave traders, primarily from slave markets on the island of Zanzibar (in Arabic, al-Zinj). The Zinji cleared and irrigated salt marshes, tilled the land, extracted saltpeter, and raised sugarcane. They lived in separate camps under difficult conditions. Several contingents of the caliph’s troops were formed from the Zinji.

The brutal exploitation of the Zinji provoked insurrections. The most significant uprising began in A.D. 869 and continued for 14 years. During the revolt, the Zinji created their own state in southern Iraq and western Khuzistan. Its capital was al-Mukhtara. After a lengthy seige, the caliph’s troops took possession of al-Mukhtara in 883 and suppressed the Zinji insurrection.

REFERENCE

Bel’iaev, E. A. Araby, islam i arabskii khalifat v ranee srednevekov’e. Moscow, 1965. Pages 258–68.
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The projects executed include Amoudi Tower in Jeddah, Intelligence Department building in Downtown Jeddah, Al Othaim Mall, Zinji Juffair Tower in Bahrain and Waseel Hills Compound in Riyadh.
Summary: The projects executed include Amoudi Tower in Jeddah, the Intelligence Department building in Downtown Jeddah, Al Othaim Mall, Zinji Juffair Tower in Bahrain and the Waseel Hills Compound in Riyadh.
The tournament's executive committee is being headed by Batelco Staff Centre director Mohammed Khalfan and includes tournament director Hassan Ismail and members Abduljalil Al Zinji, Ebrahim Al Mudaweb, Abdulla Mansoori, Ali Saleh, Omran Abdulla and Jaffer Ali.