Intelligence historian Gill Bennett's easy familiarity with Anglo-Soviet foreign policy and espionage imbues The Zinoviev
Letter with impressive authoritativeness, untangling the 1924 "fake news" document from speculation to locate the truth.
Amongst the gems from sage Zinoviev
was that the end of communism in Russia meant the end of democracy in the West.
Today's Russian disinformation campaigns, part of the Kremlin's hybrid war against Western democracies, seem to have much in common with the infamous Zinoviev
This sort of mud-slinging dates back to the infamous "Zinoviev
letter", splashed all over the Tory-supporting Daily Mail four days before the General Election at the end of October, 1924.
During Labour's first minority government in 1924, the Daily Mail and other right-wing papers published the Zinoviev
letter from the head of the Communist International in Moscow, claiming to call for British communists to prepare for revolution.
In December 1934, former leading Bolshevik Grigory Zinoviev
was arrested for conspiring to kill Leningrad party boss Sergey Kirov, who had been murdered, without Zinoviev
's help, earlier that month.
The atmosphere can be best summed up by the speech delivered by Bolshevik leader Zinoviev
to the already charged attendees.
The resulting "search" for Nikolayev's co-conspirators would degenerate into a witch hunt aimed at purging the Soviet Union of all those who "stray from the Party's path," as one apostate, Grigory Zinoviev
, put it before he was executed in 1936.
letter, a forgery implicating Britain's Labour Party in Kremlin-led Communist sedition, was published by the Daily Mail four days before the United Kingdom's general election in 1924, dashing Labour's chances.
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