Ziziphus

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Ziziphus

 

a genus of plants of the family Rhamnaceae. There are about 40 species, distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia. The best-known species is called Christ’s-thorn (Z. jujuba). Ziziphuses are large trees with life-spans as great as 300 years; some species are branching shrubs measuring up to 4 m tall. The young shoots have thorns, and the leaves are ovate, oval, or, occasionally, lanceolate. The flowers are bisexual and cross-pollinating. Flowering occurs in May and lasts six to eight weeks. The fruit is a drupe measuring 3–4 cm long and up to 2.5 cm across. The thin, shiny skin is red-brown or yellow, often with spots. The thick light-green or white pulp is pleasantly sweet (containing as much as 30 percent sugars) and crisp; it separates from the stone after drying. After slight curing, especially on the tree, the fruits improve in flavor. The fruits are used fresh or in the preparation of compote, fruit candies, and jams. Fruiting begins in the third or fourth year. Wild forms occur in Southeast Asia, the Himalayas, North China, and Japan; cultivated species are found in Japan, Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, the USA, and the USSR (Turkmenia, Tadzhikstan, and Uzbekistan).

A. D. ALEKSANDROV

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A four-month laboratory test on the continuous use of trial products (containing or not containing Zizyphus jujuba fruit extract)demonstrated that Zizyphus jujuba fruit extract increases the growth rate of eyelashes.
orientalis, an experiment was carried out on five forest tree species: Azadirachta indica, Albizia lebbeck, Moringa oleifera, Ailanthus excelsa and Zizyphus jujuba.
The antinociceptive effects of methanolic extracts of Zizyphus mauritiana and Centella asiatica leaves were studied through the intraperitoneally administered acetic acid-induced pain model in Swiss albino mice.
The orchard plantation of grafted zizyphus and date palm has been carried out on about 50 acres of desert land, to produce fruit for income generation.
Herbal formula Zizyphus jujuba 70 mL Rehmania glutinosa 50 mL Hypericum perforatum 20 mL Schizandra chinensis 50 mL Silybum marianum 10 mL
Utilization of Zizyphus nummularia leaves by three breeds of sheep.
poliyantha Zizyphus pedunculata Lophocereus Celtis pallida S-J schottii * Lycium andersonii L.
As part of the screening process to locate plants with antihyperglycemic properties, this study was conducted to evaluate the antihyperglycemic potential of methanol extract of leaves of Brassica oleracea, Centella asiatica, and Zizyphus mauritiana in oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) in glucose-overloaded mice.
Phytochemische und biologische Untersuchung der Rinde von Zizyphus joazeiro Mart.