Zlatovratskii, Nikolai Nikolaevich
Born Dec. 14 (26), 1845, in Vladimir; died Dec. 10 (23), 1911, in Moscow. Russian writer.
Zlatovratskii, the son of a minor official, studied at the Vladimir Gymnasium from 1855 to 1864. His work was first published in 1866 in the journal Otechestvennye zapiski (Patriotic Notes). He was a contributor to this journal until its closing in 1884. Zlatovratskii’s writing, devoted primarily to village life, reflects his populist outlook. This outlook is particularly expressed in the novellas The Peasant Jurors (1874–75) and Humdrum Village Life (1879). The novella Golden Hearts (1877) is devoted to radical youth. The novel The Foundations (1878–83) is an overall statement of Zlatovratskii’s views. Attempting to affirm the moral beauty and integrity of the peasant commune he revealed the rottenness of its foundations. The departure of the populist movement from the social arena caused him to experience an ideological crisis.
WORKSSobr. soch., vols. 1–8. St. Petersburg, 1912–13.
Iz.br. proizvedeniia. [Introduction by A. Egolin.] Moscow, 1947.
Ustoi. [Concluding remarks by F. Zauzolkov.] Moscow, 1951.
Vospominaniia. [Introduction by S. A. Rozanova.] Moscow, 1956.
REFERENCESMokrushin, A. A. “Realizm rassakazov i povestei N. N. Zlatovratskogo 70-kh gg.” Uchenye zapiski Moskovskogo oblastnogo pedagogicheskogo institute imeni N. K. Krupskoi, 1958, vol. 66, issue 4.
Sukhostavskaia, L. A. “Krest’ianstvo v romane N. Zlatovratskogo ‘Ustoi.’” Naukovi zapysky: Kyivs’kyi ped. in-t ym. Hor’koho, 1959, vol. 31.
G. M. MIRONOV