Zoilus

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Zoilus

(zō`ĭləs), c.400–c.320 B.C., Greek rhetorician and philosopher of Amphipolis. He is called Homeromastix [scourge of Homer], because of his denunciations of Homer as a purveyor of fables. He also criticized Isocrates and Plato, and his name has come to signify a carping critic.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zoilus

 

Ancient Greek philosopher and rhetorician of the fourth century B.C.

Zoilus was born in Amphipolis. He was a pupil of Socrates and, possibly, was Demosthenes’ mentor. Zoilus was an early critic of Homeric texts. He is the author of Censure of Homer and other works. In antiquity, he received the reputation of a subverter of authority. Zoilus’ name is used to designate a carping, ill-disposed, and caustic critic. An example of this usage is A. S. Pushkin’s epigram: “Counting on my contempt, the gray Zoilus railed at me.”

EDITION

Fabricii Bibliotheca graeca, part 1. Hamburg, 1708.

REFERENCES

Tronskii, I.M.Istoriiaantichnoiliteratury, 3rded. Leningrad, 1957.
Istoriia grecheskoi literatury, vol. 1. Edited by S. I. Sobolevskii [et al.]. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946.
Lehrs, K.De Aristarchi studiis Homericis. Leipzig, 1865.
Friedländer, U.De Zoilo aliisque Homeri obtrectatoribus. Königsberg, 1895.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Zoilus

malicious and contentious rhetorician; “Homer’s scourge.” [Gk. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 1175]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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