Myospalax

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Myospalax

 

(mole-rats), a genus of rodents of the subfamily Cricetinae. The body measures 15–27 cm in length, and the tail, 3–7 cm. Mole-rats lack external ears and have very small eyes. The claws on the front extremities are enlarged and adapted to burrowing. The fur is of a single color, usually brownish or ash gray. The guard hairs are not developed.

The genus embraces five species, which are distributed in southern Siberia and Central and East Asia. The USSR has two species, which are found in southwestern Siberia, the Altai, Transbaikalia, and the Primor’e, in plains-and mountain-steppe regions. The animals are subterranean and dig complex burrows as much as 3 m deep. They feed on underground parts of plants. In some places they are harmful to crops. Their hides are dressed, although the fur is second-rate.

References in periodicals archive ?
First, we poked with a probe in burrows with recent zokor activity (marked by freshly excavated soil) and then dug out the burrow.
If the arrow traps had eliminated a plateau zokor, traps were relocated to another occupied burrow.
When focusing on the zokor density of the three investigated plots, we found a relationship between plot structure and zokor density.
Population density is one of the important indices for monitoring plateau zokor harm degree.
Firstly, soft and moist soils facilitates the plateau zokor to dig burrows.
of traps that were triggered when zokor left its hole###61###62###66###57
of traps that were not triggered when zokor left its hole###4###4###4###11
of traps not triggered when zokor did not leave its hole###35###32###31###31
As for the infrared or intelligent arrow trap, it is so sensitive that can eliminate the zokor as soon as its crosses its predetermined detection range.
Concerning force, it has been shown that 60-70 Newton is sufficient to kill a zokor with a small arrow, causing a quick death.
In general, arrow traps can contribute to an efficient control of the plateau zokor population when their density becomes problematic in Tibet plateau although the efficacy differs between the different arrow traps.
Combined water forest study Chinese Zokor control technology.