Zoltán Kodály

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Kodály, Zoltán

 

Born Dec. 16, 1882, in Kecskemét; died Mar. 6, 1967, in Budapest. Hungarian composer, musicologist, folklorist, teacher, and public figure. One of the founders of the modern Hungarian national school of music. Member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (1945; president, 1946–49).

From 1900 to 1095, Kodály was a student in the philosophy department at the University of Sciences in Budapest. At the same time, he studied composition under J. Koessler at the Academy of Music. In 1907 he became a teacher of music theory at the academy; from 1908 to 1940 he was a professor of composition there. Kodály trained several generations of Hungarian musicians. While serving as the vice-president of the Academy of Music, Kodály in 1919 (during the existence of the Hungarian Soviet Republic) drafted plans for democratic reforms in music with B. Bartók. After the establishment of the Horthy regime, he was forced to interrupt his teaching activity until 1921.

In 1905, Kodály began collecting and studying Hungarian musical folklore (he compiled approximately 3,500 Hungarian folk songs and dances). He and B. Bartók were the most important researchers of Hungarian folk music. Kodály published collections of variants of folk tunes and a great deal of material concerning ethnology and musical folklore. His most significant research works include Pentatonic Scale in Magyar Folk Music and Magyar Folk Song.

Kodály’s best musical works, which include the opera Háry János (1926), Psalmus Hungarius (for tenor, chorus, and orchestra; 1923), symphonic variations (1939), orchestral dance music, choral works, and chamber music, are based on unique interpretations of national melodies, which are combined with contemporary musical expression. Kodály conducted his own works in Hungary and abroad. His music is distinguished by its pulsating energy and by the originality of its harmony, which is enriched by the use of a pentatonic scale and elements of mode and meter from Hungarian folk music.

Kodály became the president of the Hungarian Association of Musicians in 1947; he also served as the chairman of the Hungarian Musicology Society. He was awarded honorary doctorates at the universities of Cluj, Budapest, and Oxford. In 1958, Kodály was appointed the chairman of the music section of the Hungary-USSR Society. He was awarded the Kossuth Prize in 1948, 1952, and 1957.

REFERENCES

Zoltan Kodai. Budapest, 1952. (Collection of articles.)
Martynov, I. Zoltan Kodai: 1882–1967. Moscow, 1970. (Bibliography, pp. 239–48.)
Emlékkönyv Kodály Zoltán. Budapest, 1953.
Young, P. M. Z. Kodaly: A Hungarian Musician. London, 1964.
Eösze, L. Kodály Zoltán. Budapest, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dutton Green The Chesterian Eric Blom Budapest Bela Bartok Musikblatter des Anbruch, The Chesterian Zoltan Kodaly La revue musicale Paris Henri Prunieres La revue musicale Darius Milhaud Madrid Adolfo Salazar The Chesterian Bucarest Alfredo The Chesterian Alessandresco Varsavia Mateus Glinski Musikblatter des Anbruch, The Chesterian Vienna Erwin Felber Musikblatter des Anbruch, Melos Karl Musikblatter des Anbruch, Geiringer Melos, The Dominant Hugo The Chesterian, Musica Fleischmann d'oggi Berlin Hugo Melos, Musikblatter des Leichtentritt Anbruch Buenos Aires Vittorio De Revista de musica Rubertis New York Massimo Zanotti The Chesterian, Musica Bianco d'oggi Table 4.
This was the creation of the first Hungarian Music Primary School, later named the Zoltan Kodaly Music Primary School (Houlahan & Tacka, 1998, 2008; Ittzes, 2006).
A more complete survey of Weores's influence on Hungarian music, including Ligeti, is available in Peter Laki, "Jenseits des Wortes: Die Sprachmagie von Sandor Weores in der ungarischen Musik von Zoltan Kodaly bis Peter Eotvos," Kosmoi: Peter Eotvos and der Hochschule fur Musik der Musik-Akademie der Stadt Basel--Schriften, Gesprache, Dokumente.
Si analizamos los dos primeros elementos, vemos lo siguiente: en la filosofia esta el fundamento, el pensamiento pedagogico de Zoltan Kodaly a partir del cual sus alumnos terminaron de consolidar el metodo.
Yn Budapest cawn hanes gwaith Franz Liszt a'r rhai a ddaeth ar ei l - Zoltan Kodaly a Bela Bartok.
In addition to the ICS residency, The Kodaly Pedagogical Institute of Music was opened in 1975, in honour of the internationally renowned Kecskemet musician and teacher, Zoltan Kodaly, [born in 1888], educating young musicians from all over the world.
Tomorrow's Taste Of The New World concert at the cathedral will feature works by Aaron Copland, Samuel Barber, Zoltan Kodaly, Gerald Finzi and Antonin Dvorak.
and the stories they tell about the city," but his extraordinarily rich source base allows him to tell these stories through the poetry of Attila Jozsef, the writing and cultural politics of Lajos Kassak, and the music of Zoltan Kodaly and Bela Bartok, to mention a few of many notable short sections of the book.
He attended the folk music seminar of Zoltan Kodaly, the founder of Hungarian ethnomusicology along with Bela Bartok in the early twentieth century, and this acquaintance, growing into active collaboration, proved decisive throughout his life.
So, by incorporating the basic concepts of Hungarian music educator Zoltan Kodaly (Kodaly is known for promoting the use of folk music of any given culture as the basis for teaching music effectively), Johnson created this new piano method through the utilization of many children songs and folk melodies from Mexico's folklore.
Joined by four stellar soloists, the choir presented a stirring program of music by the Hungarian composer Zoltan Kodaly, various solo songs from Russia, Armenia, and Croatia, and, most important, the American premiere of a two-year-old Mass by the Croatian composer, Igor Kuljeric.
One of them was Zoltan Kodaly (1882-1967), celebrated Hungarian composer-linguist-educator who remarked: