a system of recording production and breeding indicators in animal husbandry.
In the USSR zootechnical accounting is done using a unified form of documentation obligatory for kolkhozes, sovkhozes, and other agricultural enterprises; the documentation includes statements, registration forms, records, diaries, registers, and breeding books. Documents of zootechnical accounting reflect the production activities of farms; they establish data on livestock production, the composition of live-stock and changes in it, and the use of fodder. Breeding zootechnical accounting is conducted with registration forms for sires and females (including name, time and place of birth, species, parentage, distinctive exterior features, and productivity); accounting books of the insemination of animals, calving, and farrowing; registers for recording offspring; records appraising outward appearance and constitutions of animals; registers evaluating sires in terms of progeny; and so on. Data of initial breeding accounting are recorded in a stud-farm book, from which information on outstanding animals is entered in a state breeding book. Processing and systematization of zootechnical accounting information is carried out by specialists (such as zootechnicians and accountants) using computer technology.
G. D. VASIL’EV