Zorndorf

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zorndorf

 

(now Sarbinowo), a village 10 km northeast of Küstrin (now Kostrzyn, Poland); scene of a battle between Russia and Prussia on Aug. 14 (25), 1758, during the Seven Years’ War of 1756–63.

The Russian force of 42,000 men and 240 pieces of artillery was commanded by General W. Fermor. If the Russians, located 100 km from Berlin, joined the Austrian force under Field Marshal L. Daun, Prussia would be faced with a serious threat. Frederick II therefore decided to hold off the Austrian army and defeat the Russian army at Zorndorf before it had a chance to reach the Austrian troops.

Frederick approached Zorndorf from the south with approximately 33,000 men and 116 pieces of artillery. In the morning the Prussian advance guard, having bypassed Zorndorf on both sides, launched an attack, supported by artillery, on the Russian positions. The Russians resisted stubbornly but began to retreat slowly under the enemy onslaught. In order to break the Russian resistance, Frederick threw his entire cavalry, under the command of General F. W. von Seydlitz, into the attack. The Russian infantry allowed the Prussian cavalry to pass through intervals in the battle formations, closed ranks, and inflicted heavy casualties on the enemy.

The battle ended with nightfall, but the Russians held the field. The Russians suffered more than 16,000 casualties, the Prussians, more than 11,000. After the battle, Frederick withdrew to Küstrin, and the Russian army fell back to Landsberg.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Uno de mis antepasados, Christoph zur Linde, murio en la carga de caballeria que decidio la victoria de Zorndorf. Mi bisabuelo materno, Ulrich Forkel, fue asesinado en la foresta de Marchenoir por francotiradores franceses, en los ultimos dias de 1870; el capitan Dietrich zur Linde, mi padre, se distinguio en el sitio de Namur, en 1914.
Aimed at non-specialist readers, this text recounts the events of August 25, 1758 when Russian troops waged a bitter, day-long battle at Zorndorf against the forces of Frederick the Great--a conflict which resulted in the loss of nearly half of the Russian army.
Not an extract from Beevor's Berlin: The Downfall 1945 but from Giles Macdonogh's Frederick the Great, after the Battle of Zorndorf, August 25th, 1758.
At the outset of the Seven Years' War of 1756-1763, Frederick the Great of Prussia dismissed the Russian army as "a heap of Barbarians." Two years later, after the bloody stalemate at the Battle of Zorndorf, he declared in awe: "It is easier to kill these Russians to the last man than to defeat them" (49).
and plans of Louisbourgh, the country about Ticonderoga, Fort du Quesne, Cherbourg, Milford Haven, and the battle of Zorndorf: also a small print of the King of Prussia, cuts of rare fishes, birds &c.(37)
Principal battles: Mollwitz (Molujowice near Breg) (1741); Hohen-Friedberg (Dobromierz near Strzegom) (1745); Lobositz (Lovosice) (1756); Prague, Rossbach (near Merseberg), Leuthen (Lutynia near Wroclaw) (1757); Zorndorf (near Kostrzyn) (1758); Kunersdorf (Kunowice) (1759); Torgau (1760).
Aaron Zorndorf of Pacifica, Calif., for his Clean Line wire management system