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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of perennial plants of the eelgrass family, Zosteraceae. The plants have a flattened, creeping rhizome that takes root in nodules. The stems are also flattened and branched, and have distichous narrow leaves. There are approximately ten species in subtropical, temperate, subarctic, and subantarctic seas. They grow mainly in shoals or at depths of 1-4 m (rarely 10 m or more), predominantly in the soft sandy or silt bottoms of calm bays and coves. The sub-marine meadows frequently created by eelgrass serve as “pastures” for marine animals, fish, and migratory water-fowl. There are four species in the USSR. The dried leaves of Zostera marina, and of other species to a lesser degree, are used as stuffing for mattresses and furniture, as a packing material, and sometimes as a fertilizer and in the preparation of building materials.


Morozova-Vodianitskaia, N. V. “Zostera kak ob’ekt promysla na Chernom more.” Priroda, 1939, no. 8.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Inhibition of the growth of microalgae and bacteria by extracts of eelgrass (Zostera marina) leaves.
Isolation of high-quality RNA from high-phenolic tissues of eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) by keeping temperature low.
Key words: eelgrass, mesopredator, Oncorhynchus, Pacific Herring, Puget Sound, salmon, Spiny Dogfish, Squalus suckleyi, Zostera marina
Smith Jr., "Operation of the xanthophyll cycle in the seagrass Zostera marina in response to variable irradiance," Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol.
Zostera marina is a common seagrass throughout the northern hemisphere.
Penhale, "Macrophyte-epiphyte biomass and productivity in an eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) community," Journal of Experimental Marine Biologyand Ecology, vol.
The effects of seaweeds on IBD have been previously shown with Sargassum pallidum [8]and Samiunkyuntang (a herbal medicine composed of seaweeds Sargassum pallidum and Zostera marina)[9].
inabai that were living on Zostera muelleri, Irmisch ex Ascherson 1867 at The Jawbone, Williamstown.
The lagoon is a shallow estuary typified by tidal flats, large beds of eelgrass (Zostera marina), and vegetated islands (Ward et al., 1997).
Egagropilas de Chaetomorpha linum, Halopteris scoparia y Zostera noltei en Galicia.