Tsou Jung

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tsou Jung


Born 1885 in Pahsien District, Szechwan Province; died Apr. 3, 1905, in Shanghai. Chinese bourgeois revolutionary.

The son of an important merchant, Tsou studied in Japan, where he became acquainted with Western bourgeois political and philosophic ideas. His pamphlet Ko-ming chün (The Revolutionary Army), published in Shanghai in 1903, was the first printed work in China that openly and clearly drew a connection between the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of a Western-style bourgeois republic. The pamphlet played a major role in the ideological preparations for the Hsinhai Revolution of 1911–13. Tsou was arrested on July 1, 1903, and subsequently died in prison.


In Russian translation:
“Revoliutsionnaia armiia.” Vestnik Azii, 1910, nos. 5–6.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Room 1202, Metropolitan Plaza, 68 Zou Rong Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing 400010
For example, in the antiManchu pamphlet The Revolutionary Army (Geming jun), written by Zou Rong, a Chinese student in Japan at the end of the Qing dynasty, the author divided the world into two broad categories "the white race" ("baizhong") and "the yellow race" ("huangzhong").
As we know, Zou Rong, Chen Tianhua and Zhang Taiyan were among the most prominent anti-Qing fighters during the late Qing period.
The "Miaozhong" or "Miaozu" in the writings of Zou Rong, Chen Tianhua, Liang Qichao, quoted above, was still used as a blanket term for the non-Han people across southern China and even in areas such as Southeast Asia and Indochina.
(26) Zou Rong, Gemin jun, included in The Thoughts of Xinhai Revolution.