Zuider Zee

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Zuider Zee

(zī`dər zē, zā, Du. zoi`dər zā), former shallow inlet of the North Sea, c.80 mi (130 km) long, indenting NE Netherlands. In ancient times Lake Flevo, it was joined to the North Sea by a great flood in the 13th cent. A vast drainage project, begun in 1920, split the old Zuider Zee into the IJsselmeerIJsselmeer
, shallow freshwater lake, NW Netherlands, bordering on the provinces of North Holland, Flevoland, and Friesland. It was formed from the old Zuider Zee by the construction of a dam (completed 1932).
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, S of the IJsselmeer dam, and the Waddenzee, between the dam and the West Frisian Islands. Large areas of the IJsselmeer have since been reclaimed for farm lands and urban expansion.
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Zuider Zee

, Zuyder Zee
a former inlet of the North Sea in the N coast of the Netherlands sealed off from the sea by a dam in 1932, dividing it into the Waddenzee and the freshwater IJsselmeer, with several large areas under reclamation
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Round fish filleting is the specialty of expert hand-cutters in Spakenburg, a village in the middle of Holland which was home to a bustling commercial fishing village in the last century, before flood control dams turned the Zuiderzee into a freshwater lake and subsequent land reclamation blocked the port's direct access to the sea.
From the 11th century onwards, the Almere, a region of saltmarshes and peat bogs separated from the sea by a dune cordon with a lake (Lake Almere or Flevo) in the middle, was gradually invaded by the sea and transformed into the Zuiderzee, a shallow bay occupying a large part of the northern Netherlands.
The Deltaplan was, just as the Zuiderzee Project had been at the end of the First World War, an enormous technical and economic venture designed to guarantee the security of the population and to safeguard the essential productive base of the country's economy.
As in the Zuiderzee Project, the strategy was to divide the territory into compartments and then to work on each of them successively.
(5) This prize, sponsored by the Dutch Ministry of Traffic and Water Management, is named after the Minister of Waterstaat who was responsible for filling in large parts of the Zuiderzee and a visionary parliamentary advocate of motorized road transport who was responsible in 1915 for the first road plan in the Netherlands.
Among his topics are dwelling mounds as an escape from the floods, draining the Noord-Holland Lakes, reclaiming the Zuiderzee, the Rhine and Maas Rivers, and water management organization.
Eventually, after spending the night drifting precariously, the Belgian beam trawler Zuiderzee towed the Pieterje into Milford port under lifeboat escort.
Finally, this morning the Zuiderzee was close enough to respond to the alerts and was able to pull in the fishing gear and tow the vessel in to port, said coast guards.
The porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) and the bottle-nosed dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) are sometimes seen; the latter was much more common before the Zuiderzee was closed off in 1938, eliminating the races of herrings that used to spawn there.
The monoculture community has lived off the former Zuiderzee and North Sea for generations, creating a number of prosperous enterprises engaged in the catching, processing and wholesaling of sole, plaice, turbot, brill, dab and other species.
"Ecology and the Zuiderzee Project." Proceedings Symposium of Integr.