Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

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Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali

(zo͝ol`fĭkär älē` bo͞ot`tō), 1928–79, Pakistani political leader. Member of a wealthy landowning family, he entered politics as the protégé of General Ayub KhanAyub Khan, Muhammad
, 1907–74, military leader and president (1958–69) of Pakistan. He was commissioned in the British Indian army in 1928 and saw active service as a battalion commander in World War II.
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. Bhutto joined the cabinet in 1958, becoming foreign minister in 1963. Critical of the Indo–Pakistan agreement ending the 1965 war, he left the government and formed (1967) the Pakistan People's party. In the 1970 elections his party won a majority in West Pakistan, but East Pakistan's Awami LeagueAwami League,
political organization in Pakistan and Bangladesh. It was founded in 1949 as an opposition party in Pakistan and had a moderately socialist ideology. The Awami [people's] League, with cofounder Sheikh Mujibur Rahman as its leader from 1953, called in 1966 for a
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, led by Mujibur RahmanMujibur Rahman
, 1921–75, East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) political leader, prime minister of Bangladesh (1972–75), popularly known as Sheikh Mujib. Concerned that East Pakistan was unfairly dominated by West Pakistan, he helped found (1949) the Awami League to fight
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, won an overall majority. Bhutto's refusal to meet Mujibur's demands for East Pakistan's autonomy or for participation in the government led to the (1971) civil war and Indian intervention. (see India-Pakistan WarsIndia-Pakistan Wars,
name given to the series of conflicts between India and Pakistan since 1947, when the Indian subcontinent was partitioned and the two countries became independent of Great Britain. The most violent outbreaks came in 1947–48, 1965, and 1971.
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). When Pakistan was defeated, losing East Pakistan in Dec., 1971, Bhutto took over the presidency. In 1973, under a new constitution, he became prime minister instead, retaining government control. In Feb., 1974, he recognized the former East Pakistan as Bangladesh. Bhutto was reelected in 1977, but was overthrown in a coup by General Zia ul-HaqZia ul-Haq, Mohammad,
1924–88, Pakistani military and political leader. Named general and chief of staff by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1976, he declared martial law in July, 1977, in response to agitations against election fraud.
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. Removed from office, Bhutto was convicted of conspiracy to murder. He was executed in 1979, despite international protests.


See his If I Am Assassinated (1979). See also S. Kulmar, The New Pakistan (1979); S. J. Burki, Pakistan Under Bhutto, 1971–1977 (1980).

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References in periodicals archive ?
He vowed that he would follow his grandfather Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's vision by becoming ambassador of Gilgit-Baltistan people at the centre.
'Tormenters of Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto vanished into midair in a natural justice system but he remains in the hearts and minds of millions of people even today,' he remarked.
Murtaza Wahab said that Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto picked up the broken pieces and rebuilt the country after getting freed 93,000 Prisoners of War and 5,000 square miles of our land from India through his excellent diplomatic skills.
In his statement issued here, Wahab said Pakistanis were deeply missing their beloved leader Zulfikar Ali Bhutto as the current internal and external situation requires a political sagacity of his calibre to handle the current affairs.
He said his grandfather Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who had gotten freed 90,000 prisoners of war held in former East Pakistan and made Pakistan a nuclear state, was called an enemy of the country.
Shaikh Mujibur Rehman overwhelmed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in both the National and Provincial Assembly elections.
Terming the Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's death sentence as 'judicial murder', Bilawal said that his grandfather had been punished for strengthening the defence of the country.
Bilawal concluded by saying that the present situation that has prevailed over the country calls for the supremacy of the parliament and constitution because it is all that revolves around the ideology of Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
In his message on 40th death anniversary Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari while paying very rich tribute to him said that at one hand the founder of Pakistan changed the course of the history while at the other the Quaid-e-Awam paved a way forward for democratic revolution and created immense awareness for the democracy and its blessings due to which the Chauvinist, anti-democracy and radical forces would always find it difficult to impose their anti-democratic agenda or rule over the country.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto had unparalleled vision that give the country first consensus Constitution.
Former president Asif Ali Zardari, paying glowing tribute to Quaid-e-Awam Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, on his birth anniversary expressed his resolve to remain steadfast on the principles of 'respect for humans and liberty' and to follow the slogan of 'all powers to the people'.
Addressing a public meeting in Sukkur, in connection with 51st foundation day of his party, Asif Ali Zardari highlighted the sacrifices rendered by his party, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Benazir Bhutto for democracy in the country.