Zulfikar Ali Bhutto


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Related to Zulfikar Ali Bhutto: Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq

Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali

(zo͝ol`fĭkär älē` bo͞ot`tō), 1928–79, Pakistani political leader. Member of a wealthy landowning family, he entered politics as the protégé of General Ayub KhanAyub Khan, Muhammad
, 1907–74, military leader and president (1958–69) of Pakistan. He was commissioned in the British Indian army in 1928 and saw active service as a battalion commander in World War II.
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. Bhutto joined the cabinet in 1958, becoming foreign minister in 1963. Critical of the Indo–Pakistan agreement ending the 1965 war, he left the government and formed (1967) the Pakistan People's party. In the 1970 elections his party won a majority in West Pakistan, but East Pakistan's Awami LeagueAwami League,
political organization in Pakistan and Bangladesh. It was founded in 1949 as an opposition party in Pakistan and had a moderately socialist ideology. The Awami [people's] League, with cofounder Sheikh Mujibur Rahman as its leader from 1953, called in 1966 for a
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, led by Mujibur RahmanMujibur Rahman
, 1921–75, East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) political leader, prime minister of Bangladesh (1972–75), popularly known as Sheikh Mujib. Concerned that East Pakistan was unfairly dominated by West Pakistan, he helped found (1949) the Awami League to fight
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, won an overall majority. Bhutto's refusal to meet Mujibur's demands for East Pakistan's autonomy or for participation in the government led to the (1971) civil war and Indian intervention. (see India-Pakistan WarsIndia-Pakistan Wars,
name given to the series of conflicts between India and Pakistan since 1947, when the Indian subcontinent was partitioned and the two countries became independent of Great Britain. The most violent outbreaks came in 1947–48, 1965, and 1971.
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). When Pakistan was defeated, losing East Pakistan in Dec., 1971, Bhutto took over the presidency. In 1973, under a new constitution, he became prime minister instead, retaining government control. In Feb., 1974, he recognized the former East Pakistan as Bangladesh. Bhutto was reelected in 1977, but was overthrown in a coup by General Zia ul-HaqZia ul-Haq, Mohammad,
1924–88, Pakistani military and political leader. Named general and chief of staff by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1976, he declared martial law in July, 1977, in response to agitations against election fraud.
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. Removed from office, Bhutto was convicted of conspiracy to murder. He was executed in 1979, despite international protests.

Bibliography

See his If I Am Assassinated (1979). See also S. Kulmar, The New Pakistan (1979); S. J. Burki, Pakistan Under Bhutto, 1971–1977 (1980).

References in periodicals archive ?
Talking to media persons outside the Parliament House, Mohammad Safdar said that he always considered Zulfikar Ali Bhutto as a Shaheed but unfortunately Bhutto's ideology was hanged by Asif Ali Zardari.
He said this while chairing a meeting to review the security and traffic measures for the death anniversary of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto at Gari Khud Bux, said a press release on Monday.
Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto had said that the political heaven was under the feet of the people.
New York [USA], Feb 21 ( ANI ): Zulfikar Ali Bhutto is a queer.
SZABIST president Shahnaz Wazir Ali, tracing history of the institute, said that Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) leader Benazir Bhutto had translated the vision of her father Zulfikar Ali Bhutto into reality by establishing the institution in 1995 and inaugurated its Larkana campus in the following year.
Dr Shah said Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Benazir Bhutto sacrificed their lives for democracy and rule of law.
One of the country's most charismatic and popular leaders, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was born on January 5, 1928 in Ratodero Taluka, Larkana.
Bilawal said that Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto picked up the broken pieces and rebuilt the country after getting freed 93,000 Prisoners of War and 5,000 square miles of our land [after separation of Bangladesh] from India through his excellent diplomatic skills.
An international conspiracy was hatched to arrange the judicial murder of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was wise enough to realise that in the aftermath of the 1962 Sino-Indian war, Pakistani interests were clearly aligned with China and he moved to swiftly settle the Tran-Karakoram dispute in 1963 to ensure that a firm relationship was established.
Mirpur -- The 37th death anniversary of Pakistan People Party (PPP) founder and its Chairman Zulfikar Ali Bhutto has observed across Azad Jammu and Kashmir.
On the walls of her sprawling brick home, images of the dead stare out from giant portraits: father Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was toppled by a military dictator and hanged in 1977; his youngest son, Shahnawaz, was poisoned under mysterious circumstances in 1985; and his eldest son, Murtaza, was killed last year in a police attack that many blame on Benazir Bhutto.