Zumalacárregui, Tomás de

Zumalacárregui, Tomás de

(tōmäs` dā so͞o'mäläkär`rāgē), 1788–1835, Spanish Carlist general. A professional soldier, he fought against the French in the Peninsular War (1808–14) and supported the absolutist cause during the disturbances of 1820–23. When King Ferdinand VII died (1833), Zumalacárregui supported the claim of Ferdinand's brother Don Carlos to the throne (see CarlistsCarlists,
partisans of Don Carlos (1788–1855) and his successors, who claimed the Spanish throne under the Salic law of succession, introduced (1713) by Philip V. The law (forced on Philip by the War of the Spanish Succession to avoid a union of the French and Spanish
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). Put in command of the Carlist army in 1834, he distinguished himself as master of both regular and irregular warfare. He was undefeated until his death in the siege of Bilbao (1835).
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