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(zo͞o`nyē, zo͞o`nē), pueblo (1990 pop. 7,405), McKinley co., W N.Mex., in the Zuñi Reservation; built c.1695. Its inhabitants are PuebloPueblo,
name given by the Spanish to the sedentary Native Americans who lived in stone or adobe communal houses in what is now the SW United States. The term pueblo is also used for the villages occupied by the Pueblo.
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 of the Zuñian linguistic family. They are a sedentary people, who farm irrigated land and are noted for basketry, pottery, turquoise jewelry, and weaving, and for the ceremonial dances of the traditional religion most still practice. The original seven Zuñi villages are usually identified with the mythical Seven Cities of Cibola, which were publicized by Marcos de Niza. In 1540, Francisco Vásquez de CoronadoCoronado, Francisco Vásquez de
, c.1510–1554, Spanish explorer. He went to Mexico with Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza and in 1538 was made governor of Nueva Galicia.
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 attacked the villages, thinking that they had vast stores of gold. The villages were abandoned in the Pueblo revolt of 1680. The present pueblo was built on the site of one of the original seven.


See A. Nusbaum, The Seven Cities of Cibola (1926); The Zunis: Self-Portrayals, by the Zuñi People (tr. by A. Guam, 1972).



With few exceptions, the Zuni of New Mexico do not speak the names of dead persons. Furthermore, they describe visitations of these persons in night dreams as horrible experiences that require a cure through the performance of specified religious rituals, including, in some cases, initiation into either the tribal organization known as the Kachina Society or else into a medicine society.

The living human is referred to as the shi’-nanne (“flesh”) and the soul or psyche is the pinanne (“wind” or “air”). Although the latter is located in the heart and is thus a body-soul, it can leave the body under certain circumstances, such as during trance, curing, singing, and dreaming. It is believed to arrive at birth and to depart at death, although after death it remains closely connected to the earth, toward which it acts as a strong moral agent. According to Zuni, during the dream experience a part of the dreamer’s self wanders outside the body and has experiences in remote places, or in past or future times.

One theory concerning which part of the self is involved in dreaming postulates that one’s mind or emotions leave the body and wander outside into the night world. Another theory postulates that one’s breath—pinanne—wanders out into the world. The Zuni verb for dreaming is intransitive, indicating that the Zuni are passive within the dreaming process itself. All dreams are classified as either good or bad depending on the emotional reactions that they originate. Within the bad, or nightmare, category there is a subcategory of violent dreams, in which the dreamer can perform no voluntary movements.

The Zuni share their dreaming experiences among members of their matrilocal extended household, as well as among friends. However, not all dream experiences are immediately reported, and some of them are reported many years later. Accounts of old dreams consist of both bad dreams, including nightmares, and good dreams, whereas reports of recent dream experiences always concern bad dreams. According to Zuni, bad dreams, in which dead people usually appear, should be reported because they must not be allowed to become realized or completed.


A United States air-to-surface unguided rocket with solid propellant; can be armed with various types of heads, including flares, fragmentation, and armor-piercing.
References in periodicals archive ?
An expanded range of human alternatives is likewise the subject of Will Roscoe's The Zuni Man-Woman, partly a biography of an extraordinary Zuni Indian and partly a history of the shameful U.
Thanks to the collaborative effort of the Zuni Mountain Trails Partnership and the Mt.
period caused Anazazi and other pre-historic cultures to abandon their pueblo locations in areas such as Mesa Verde, Chaco Canyon, and others to relocate their pueblos to further east locations such as Zuni Pueblo, the Hopi Mesas and the various pueblo settlements that exist along the Rio Grande Valley today.
The Return of the Ahayu:da: Lessons for Repatriation from Zuni Pueblo and the Smithsonian Institution.
With its partners in the Zuni Salt Lake Coalition, the Club went mobile with a paneled truck bearing the political message that two billboard companies, Clear Channel Outdoor and Viacom Outdoor, refused to accept.
The Zuni battle is one of dozens across the United States in which new permits issued by the Bush administration threaten culturally significant places, or where protections previously granted are being reversed.
Using the Zuni fetishes for inspiration, students decorate their sculptures by incising, inlay, or application of various colors of clay.
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Along the Little Colorado River, about 250 miles (400 kilometers) to the north, the Pueblo of Zuni is restoring an 80-acre (32-ha) site where Zuni spirits and ancestors reside.
In contrast to the dioramic paradigm, Clarence Major's Some Ob- servations of a Stranger at Zuni in the Latter Part of the Century and Painted Turtle.
Merrill, concluded after extensive research that the entire Zuni community owned these artifacts, which had been taken from shrines about 100 years earlier without the authorization of the pueblo as a whole.