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(zo͞o`nyē, zo͞o`nē), pueblo (1990 pop. 7,405), McKinley co., W N.Mex., in the Zuñi Reservation; built c.1695. Its inhabitants are PuebloPueblo,
name given by the Spanish to the sedentary Native Americans who lived in stone or adobe communal houses in what is now the SW United States. The term pueblo is also used for the villages occupied by the Pueblo.
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 of the Zuñian linguistic family. They are a sedentary people, who farm irrigated land and are noted for basketry, pottery, turquoise jewelry, and weaving, and for the ceremonial dances of the traditional religion most still practice. The original seven Zuñi villages are usually identified with the mythical Seven Cities of Cibola, which were publicized by Marcos de Niza. In 1540, Francisco Vásquez de CoronadoCoronado, Francisco Vásquez de
, c.1510–1554, Spanish explorer. He went to Mexico with Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza and in 1538 was made governor of Nueva Galicia.
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 attacked the villages, thinking that they had vast stores of gold. The villages were abandoned in the Pueblo revolt of 1680. The present pueblo was built on the site of one of the original seven.


See A. Nusbaum, The Seven Cities of Cibola (1926); The Zunis: Self-Portrayals, by the Zuñi People (tr. by A. Guam, 1972).



With few exceptions, the Zuni of New Mexico do not speak the names of dead persons. Furthermore, they describe visitations of these persons in night dreams as horrible experiences that require a cure through the performance of specified religious rituals, including, in some cases, initiation into either the tribal organization known as the Kachina Society or else into a medicine society.

The living human is referred to as the shi’-nanne (“flesh”) and the soul or psyche is the pinanne (“wind” or “air”). Although the latter is located in the heart and is thus a body-soul, it can leave the body under certain circumstances, such as during trance, curing, singing, and dreaming. It is believed to arrive at birth and to depart at death, although after death it remains closely connected to the earth, toward which it acts as a strong moral agent. According to Zuni, during the dream experience a part of the dreamer’s self wanders outside the body and has experiences in remote places, or in past or future times.

One theory concerning which part of the self is involved in dreaming postulates that one’s mind or emotions leave the body and wander outside into the night world. Another theory postulates that one’s breath—pinanne—wanders out into the world. The Zuni verb for dreaming is intransitive, indicating that the Zuni are passive within the dreaming process itself. All dreams are classified as either good or bad depending on the emotional reactions that they originate. Within the bad, or nightmare, category there is a subcategory of violent dreams, in which the dreamer can perform no voluntary movements.

The Zuni share their dreaming experiences among members of their matrilocal extended household, as well as among friends. However, not all dream experiences are immediately reported, and some of them are reported many years later. Accounts of old dreams consist of both bad dreams, including nightmares, and good dreams, whereas reports of recent dream experiences always concern bad dreams. According to Zuni, bad dreams, in which dead people usually appear, should be reported because they must not be allowed to become realized or completed.


A United States air-to-surface unguided rocket with solid propellant; can be armed with various types of heads, including flares, fragmentation, and armor-piercing.
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: A sign frames the Old Zuni Mission on the Zuni Pueblo Indian reservation in New Mexico.
In 2011, Zuni Elementary School piloted a digital program with Discovery Education, which provides digital and non-digital tools for science, social studies and health classes.
The article was meant to be focused on generic pottery use by Pueblo people using the Zuni as an example.
Evidently, some years ago, there was some sort of scandal where non-Native artists were passing their work off as authentic Zuni art or something like that.
CorePowerYoga CEO and founder Trevor Tice at the company's new headquarters under construction at 30th Avenue and Zuni Street
An insert lists the lyrics of this unforgettable album; the tracks are Butterflies are Free (3:59), Po'li (3:16), Sunflowers (4:23), Intertribal (4:43), Butterfly Clouds (4:04), Supai Maiden (3:28), Zuni Rain (3:47), Comanche (3:00), Hopi Sweetheart (2:24), O'Shi' Heart (2:39), Hopi Two-Step (2:24), The Beauty Way (4:49), Moo'sa (3:15), and Prayers (3:18).
The Native American communities, including the Hopi, Navajo, Zuni, Acoma and Apache, all regard the Peaks as central to their spiritual beliefs.
Best bowler: Ryan Macciocchi, Best batsman: Zuni Atkins.
From Gazpacho (Cooking at the Natural Cafe in Santa Fe); Zuni Succotash (Southwest Indian Cookbook); Burgundy Venison Steak Tips (Sassy Southwest Cooking); and Chicken Tacos with Avocado (Beyond Loaves and Fishes); to Ruidoso Winner (Savoring the Southwest); Bavarian Apple Torte (Recipes from the Cotton Patch); Applesauce Cake (Billy the Kid Cook Book); and Berry-Pecan Flan (The Santa Fe School of Cooking Cookbook), each easy-to-prepare recipes has a complete list of readily acquired ingredients and step-by-step preparatory instructions.
Sandor of Iowa State University in Ames and his colleagues study sites in New Mexico that the Zuni people have farmed for at least 1,000 years.
robustispina), gypsum wild-buckwheat (Erigonum gypsophilum), Mesa Verde cactus (Sclerocactus mesae-verde), and Zuni fleabane (Erigeron rhizomatus).
The curriculum is divided into six units, each representing a different Native American culture (Raramuri and Yaqui, Hopi, Zuni, Navajo, O'odham, and Pueblo), in which four to seven works of art illustrate the rain-inspired theme for the unit (Animals, Clouds, Rain, Dry Spell, Using the Rain, and After the Rain: Rainbows).