Tongs

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tongs

[taŋz]
(design engineering)
Any of various devices for holding, handling, or lifting materials and consisting of two legs joined eccentrically by a pivot or spring.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tongs

 

a tool in the form of lever pincers for clamping or securing materials or goods while working on them. There are joiners’, blacksmiths’, electricians’, and other types of tongs. Blacksmiths’ lever tongs appeared at the beginning of the Iron Age. They were probably preceded by pincer-like tongs used by metal-makers in the Bronze Age (for example, in Egypt). The specialization of the blacksmiths’ trade led to the appearance of specialized tongs, including ones with specially shaped jaws.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.