abacá

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abacá:

see Manila hempManila hemp,
the most important of the cordage fibers. It is obtained chiefly from the Manila hemp plant (Musa textilis) of the family Musaceae (banana family). It is grown mainly in its native Philippine Islands, where it has been cultivated since the 16th cent.
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Abaca

 

(also manila hemp, manila fiber), a fiber obtained from the leafstalks of the perennial tropical banana Musa textilis. The plant is native to the Philippine Islands, where it is most widely cultivated. It is also cultivated in tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and South America. In order to obtain the fiber, the plant is cut near the root, the leaf blades are removed (these contain weak fibers that are used for paper production), and the fiber bundles are separated from the flesh of the leafstalk. The average plant yields 0.5 kg of abaca. The elemental fibers are 2-12 mm long. Industrial (complex) fibers consist of elemental fibers that have been glued together. They measure 1-5 m long and are coarse, stiff, even in thickness, durable, and very hygroscopic; they also take color well. Abaca is used for marine cables, because it is relatively resistant to the effects of seawater. Rope twine, fishnets, sacks, and other products are also made from abaca.

abaca

[′ä·bä‚kä or ′ä·bə‚kä]
(botany)
Musa textilis. A plant of the banana family native to Borneo and the Philippines, valuable for its hard fiber. Also known as Manila hemp.
References in periodicals archive ?
8220;Philippines Abaca Fiber Market Forecast & Opportunities, 2019” has evaluated the future growth potential of abaca fiber market in the Philippines and provides statistics and information on market structure and consumer behavior trends.
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En estos momentos, la compania experimenta con fibras de otras plantas tropicales, como el abaca, tambien conocido como canamo de Manila porque proviene de las Filipinos, y el coco.
To meet this demand, Copack designed a biodegradable tea bag made of a wet laid nonwoven material primarily composed of abaca, or hemp, fiber.
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Through Vice President Leni Robredo's Angat Buhay Program, livelihood subsidies for abaca fiber processing were provided to at least 32 abaca farmers in Piagapo, Lanao del Sur.