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see Manila hempManila hemp,
the most important of the cordage fibers. It is obtained chiefly from the Manila hemp plant (Musa textilis) of the family Musaceae (banana family). It is grown mainly in its native Philippine Islands, where it has been cultivated since the 16th cent.
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(also manila hemp, manila fiber), a fiber obtained from the leafstalks of the perennial tropical banana Musa textilis. The plant is native to the Philippine Islands, where it is most widely cultivated. It is also cultivated in tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and South America. In order to obtain the fiber, the plant is cut near the root, the leaf blades are removed (these contain weak fibers that are used for paper production), and the fiber bundles are separated from the flesh of the leafstalk. The average plant yields 0.5 kg of abaca. The elemental fibers are 2-12 mm long. Industrial (complex) fibers consist of elemental fibers that have been glued together. They measure 1-5 m long and are coarse, stiff, even in thickness, durable, and very hygroscopic; they also take color well. Abaca is used for marine cables, because it is relatively resistant to the effects of seawater. Rope twine, fishnets, sacks, and other products are also made from abaca.


[′ä·bä‚kä or ′ä·bə‚kä]
Musa textilis. A plant of the banana family native to Borneo and the Philippines, valuable for its hard fiber. Also known as Manila hemp.
References in periodicals archive ?
Segmental Analysis - Abaca Pulp, Cordage and Fiber craft
The government of Philippines is also taking initiatives to promote the production of high-quality abaca fiber in the domestic market.
Founded in 2005 by respected Silicon Valley entrepreneur and philanthropist Steve Kirsch and led by CEO Matthew Powell since 2012, Abaca is privately held and headquartered in San Jose.
These characteristic of the abaca are what Filipinos should capitalise on, Princesa said.
Crate & Barrel includes sisal, abaca and a jute/sisal/poly blend in its Natural Fibers section, within the rugs group under Decorating & Accessories.
Daimler AG (Daimler) (NYSE: DAI) (FWB: DAI), a Germany-based automaker, is negotiating with the Philippine government to buy abaca fibre as a filling for automobile seats.
Abaca took the cash during a six-month spell when he developed a gambling addiction while he worked in the ticket office, Birmingham Crown Court heard.
Harry Shaw installed new hardware as well as upgrading Ozbox's server to make best use of the industry-unique software Abaca.
Woven from 100% pure linen from the exotic Abaca Tree plant, the unscented sheets quickly became an all-season skin essential for women and men.
Abaca fiber (from banana plants), for example, is being used in the spare-wheel cover of the 2005 DaimlerChrysler A-Class.
The spare-wheel cover on the 2005 Mercedes-Benz A-Class minicar is compression molded of PP and abaca fiber, derived from a relative of the banana plant in the Philippines.