abacá

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abacá:

see Manila hempManila hemp,
the most important of the cordage fibers. It is obtained chiefly from the Manila hemp plant (Musa textilis) of the family Musaceae (banana family). It is grown mainly in its native Philippine Islands, where it has been cultivated since the 16th cent.
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Abaca

 

(also manila hemp, manila fiber), a fiber obtained from the leafstalks of the perennial tropical banana Musa textilis. The plant is native to the Philippine Islands, where it is most widely cultivated. It is also cultivated in tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and South America. In order to obtain the fiber, the plant is cut near the root, the leaf blades are removed (these contain weak fibers that are used for paper production), and the fiber bundles are separated from the flesh of the leafstalk. The average plant yields 0.5 kg of abaca. The elemental fibers are 2-12 mm long. Industrial (complex) fibers consist of elemental fibers that have been glued together. They measure 1-5 m long and are coarse, stiff, even in thickness, durable, and very hygroscopic; they also take color well. Abaca is used for marine cables, because it is relatively resistant to the effects of seawater. Rope twine, fishnets, sacks, and other products are also made from abaca.

abaca

[′ä·bä‚kä or ′ä·bə‚kä]
(botany)
Musa textilis. A plant of the banana family native to Borneo and the Philippines, valuable for its hard fiber. Also known as Manila hemp.
References in periodicals archive ?
The import ban on Philippine abaca was in placed since September 11 due to one shipment, which contained first-class rope-grade abaca fiber, which allegedly lacked proper documentation and had Moko disease.
“Philippines Abaca Fiber Market Forecast & Opportunities, 2019” has evaluated the future growth potential of abaca fiber market in the Philippines and provides statistics and information on market structure and consumer behavior trends.
Founded in 2005 by respected Silicon Valley entrepreneur and philanthropist Steve Kirsch and led by CEO Matthew Powell since 2012, Abaca is privately held and headquartered in San Jose.
"The abaca represents the Filipino -- strong, resilient, exceptional.
According to the book "The Philippines Under Japan," there were more than 10,000 Japanese civilian residents in Davao before 1920, which grew to almost 20,000 by January 1943, and they were mainly engaged in the abaca business.
Daimler AG (Daimler) (NYSE: DAI) (FWB: DAI), a Germany-based automaker, is negotiating with the Philippine government to buy abaca fibre as a filling for automobile seats.
Abaca took the cash during a six-month spell when he developed a gambling addiction while he worked in the ticket office, Birmingham Crown Court heard.
Woven from 100% pure linen from the exotic Abaca Tree plant, the unscented sheets quickly became an all-season skin essential for women and men.
It uses abaca fiber made by Manila Cordage in the Philippines.
Lwarcel Celulose e Papel, a part of Lwart Group, is a local pulp mill that produces bleached pulp from eucalyptus and other special pulp (like sisal, abaca and other natural fibers) for domestic and international markets.
Seattle sisters Katie and Amy Carson design placemats and table runners out of abaca fiber.