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in a political sense, renunciation of high public office, usually by a monarch. Some abdications have been purely voluntary and resulted in no loss of prestige. For instance, Holy Roman Emperor Charles VCharles V,
1500–1558, Holy Roman emperor (1519–58) and, as Charles I, king of Spain (1516–56); son of Philip I and Joanna of Castile, grandson of Ferdinand II of Aragón, Isabella of Castile, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, and Mary of Burgundy.
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, who abdicated for religious motives, remained influential until his death, and Philip VPhilip V,
1683–1746, king of Spain (1700–1746), first Bourbon on the Spanish throne. A grandson of Louis XIV of France, he was titular duke of Anjou before Charles II of Spain designated him as his successor.
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 of Spain actually resumed the throne after abdicating. In Japan it has not been uncommon for the ruler to retire voluntarily to a life of religious contemplation, assured of a special title and many honors. However, most abdications have amounted to a confession of a failure in policy and are only the final and formal renunciation of an authority that events have already taken away. In the Chinese Empire forced abdications were frequent, the empire itself ending with the abdication of the boy ruler Hsuan T'ung in 1912 (see Pu YiPu Yi
or Henry Pu-yi,
Manchu Aisin Gioro, 1906–67, last emperor (1908–12) of China, under the reign name Hsuan T'ung. After his abdication, the new republican government granted him a large government pension and permitted him to live in the
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). Since 1688, when the English Parliament declared James II to have abdicated by reason of flight and subversion of the constitution, abdication by a British ruler without parliamentary consent has been forbidden. When Edward VIIIEdward VIII,
1894–1972, king of Great Britain and Ireland (1936), known in later years as the duke of Windsor; eldest son of George V. He attended the naval colleges at Osborne and Dartmouth and Magdalen College, Oxford. In 1911 he was made prince of Wales.
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 of England abdicated in 1936 in order to marry an American divorcee (his ministers having refused to approve the marriage), the abdication was given legal effect by an act of Parliament. Though several written constitutions contain provisions for abdication, there are few uniformly accepted rules for dealing with it. Defeat and political chaos following World Wars I and II forced the abdication of many rulers, most notably Emperor William II of Germany, Farouk of Egypt, and Leopold III of Belgium.
References in periodicals archive ?
Last month, the king also warned he was ready to abdicate if over half the members of parliament wanted him to, but said he had no desire to go into politics if he gave up the throne.
The last British monarch to abdicate was Edward VIII who gave up the throne in 1936 to marry Wallis Simpson.
Should the Queen abdicate - and should Charles or William take the throne next?
He knew full well the Queen would never, ever abdicate and he would have to wait patiently.
Once a leader abdicates personal responsibility, it is very difficult to reclaim.
But that's no reason for major plcs to abdicate their responsibilities.
N Wilson now suggests the Queen should abdicate in favour of Charles and Camilla being King and Queen and that the media should refrain from bringing up their past.
In a 5-4 vote, the high court said in a landmark ruling April 2 that the Environmental Protection Agency does indeed have authority under the Clean Air Act to limit vehicle emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that contribute to climate change, an authority the EPA has been allowed to abdicate during this administration.
1814 - Napoleon was forced to abdicate - but allowed to retain his title of Emperor -and banished to the island of Elba.
Included are "Cry of the Boy" which delves into the everyday life of a 17-year-old boy and his relationship with his parents; "The Devil and Don Quijote" which is set in post-revolutionary Spain and tells the story of a man who escapes from an old age home; "Maximilian" which takes place in 1867 in a prison cell the night before the execution of 35-year-old Emperor Maximilian of Mexico when Constantine, disguised as a stable hand, visits Maximilian to try to talk him into going along with the request of Juarez and abdicate his claim to the throne, renounce his opposition to the Revolution, and agree to return to Austria.
His arguments seem to be: If someone creates something that is immensely popular, they abdicate their rights to it; if someone creates something that has a special resonance for O'Neill, they abdicate their rights to it; and if a corporation he deems too large owns something, they abdicate their rights to it.