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in a political sense, renunciation of high public office, usually by a monarch. Some abdications have been purely voluntary and resulted in no loss of prestige. For instance, Holy Roman Emperor Charles VCharles V,
1500–1558, Holy Roman emperor (1519–58) and, as Charles I, king of Spain (1516–56); son of Philip I and Joanna of Castile, grandson of Ferdinand II of Aragón, Isabella of Castile, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, and Mary of Burgundy.
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, who abdicated for religious motives, remained influential until his death, and Philip VPhilip V,
1683–1746, king of Spain (1700–1746), first Bourbon on the Spanish throne. A grandson of Louis XIV of France, he was titular duke of Anjou before Charles II of Spain designated him as his successor.
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 of Spain actually resumed the throne after abdicating. In Japan it has not been uncommon for the ruler to retire voluntarily to a life of religious contemplation, assured of a special title and many honors. However, most abdications have amounted to a confession of a failure in policy and are only the final and formal renunciation of an authority that events have already taken away. In the Chinese Empire forced abdications were frequent, the empire itself ending with the abdication of the boy ruler Hsuan T'ung in 1912 (see Pu YiPu Yi
or Henry Pu-yi,
Manchu Aisin Gioro, 1906–67, last emperor (1908–12) of China, under the reign name Hsuan T'ung. After his abdication, the new republican government granted him a large government pension and permitted him to live in the
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). Since 1688, when the English Parliament declared James II to have abdicated by reason of flight and subversion of the constitution, abdication by a British ruler without parliamentary consent has been forbidden. When Edward VIIIEdward VIII,
1894–1972, king of Great Britain and Ireland (1936), known in later years as the duke of Windsor; eldest son of George V. He attended the naval colleges at Osborne and Dartmouth and Magdalen College, Oxford. In 1911 he was made prince of Wales.
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 of England abdicated in 1936 in order to marry an American divorcee (his ministers having refused to approve the marriage), the abdication was given legal effect by an act of Parliament. Though several written constitutions contain provisions for abdication, there are few uniformly accepted rules for dealing with it. Defeat and political chaos following World Wars I and II forced the abdication of many rulers, most notably Emperor William II of Germany, Farouk of Egypt, and Leopold III of Belgium.
References in periodicals archive ?
The 83-year-old emperor expressed his apparent wish to abdicate last August, citing his old age and health.
amp;nbsp;Emperor Kokaku, who gave up the throne in 1817, was the last Japanese emperor to abdicate.
If Emperor Akihito were to abdicate, it would be the first time a Japanese emperor has stepped down since Emperor Kokaku in 1817.
Satoru Yamamoto, a senior official at the Imperial Household Agency, said in 1984 that the Imperial House Law does not allow an emperor to abdicate because it is designed "to stabilize the status of the emperor.
The post Japan emperor intends to abdicate 'in a few years' appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
He said: "Johann Lamont's He said: "Johann Lamont's stock response when faced with tough choices appears to be to abdicate the responsibility of political leadership and pass the buck to others.
Kazakhstani Deputy Foreign Minister Yerzhan Ashikbayev described Spanish King Juan Carlos's decision to abdicate as sad news, but one that he respected from the monarch who made immense contributions to bilateral relations.
The King decided to abdicate the throne for his son, Crown Prince Felipe, after long suffering from poor health, said the PM in a press conference, noting that this decision serves as "testimony to the democratic maturity" of the nation.
MP Mike Gapes states that "if Prince Charles wants to make controversial statements on national or international issues he should abdicate and stand for election".
Brussels, Sha'ban 25, 1434, Jul 4, 2013, SPA - Belgium's Prince Philippe has paid tribute to his father, King Albert, a day after the monarch announced he will abdicate later this month and pass the throne of this nation to his son.
Abdicate (v), to give up all hope of ever having a flat stomach.