abdication

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abdication,

in a political sense, renunciation of high public office, usually by a monarch. Some abdications have been purely voluntary and resulted in no loss of prestige. For instance, Holy Roman Emperor Charles VCharles V,
1500–1558, Holy Roman emperor (1519–58) and, as Charles I, king of Spain (1516–56); son of Philip I and Joanna of Castile, grandson of Ferdinand II of Aragón, Isabella of Castile, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, and Mary of Burgundy.
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, who abdicated for religious motives, remained influential until his death, and Philip VPhilip V,
1683–1746, king of Spain (1700–1746), first Bourbon on the Spanish throne. A grandson of Louis XIV of France, he was titular duke of Anjou before Charles II of Spain designated him as his successor.
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 of Spain actually resumed the throne after abdicating. In Japan it has not been uncommon for the ruler to retire voluntarily to a life of religious contemplation, assured of a special title and many honors. However, most abdications have amounted to a confession of a failure in policy and are only the final and formal renunciation of an authority that events have already taken away. In the Chinese Empire forced abdications were frequent, the empire itself ending with the abdication of the boy ruler Hsuan T'ung in 1912 (see Pu YiPu Yi
or Henry Pu-yi,
Manchu Aisin Gioro, 1906–67, last emperor (1908–12) of China, under the reign name Hsuan T'ung. After his abdication, the new republican government granted him a large government pension and permitted him to live in the
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). Since 1688, when the English Parliament declared James II to have abdicated by reason of flight and subversion of the constitution, abdication by a British ruler without parliamentary consent has been forbidden. When Edward VIIIEdward VIII,
1894–1972, king of Great Britain and Ireland (1936), known in later years as the duke of Windsor; eldest son of George V. He attended the naval colleges at Osborne and Dartmouth and Magdalen College, Oxford. In 1911 he was made prince of Wales.
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 of England abdicated in 1936 in order to marry an American divorcee (his ministers having refused to approve the marriage), the abdication was given legal effect by an act of Parliament. Though several written constitutions contain provisions for abdication, there are few uniformly accepted rules for dealing with it. Defeat and political chaos following World Wars I and II forced the abdication of many rulers, most notably Emperor William II of Germany, Farouk of Egypt, and Leopold III of Belgium.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sultan Muhammad V's decision marks the first time a king has abdicated in the Muslim-majority country since it gained independence from Britain in 1957.
In a press briefing on Tuesday, Villarin said the High Court's roster is 'just like the Marcos Supreme Court under [the late Chief Justice Enrique] Fernando, who abdicated the role as a constitutional balance.'
On Tuesday India Today's survey finds areas, the visited with fumigators, are totally abdicated now all over and mosquitos buzzing around
The throne has only been abdicated once in Britain's modern history, when King Edward VIII left the throne in 1936 to marry American divorcee Wallis Simpson.
Philippe will become the second crown prince to ascend a European throne this year, following in the footsteps of Willem-Alexander, who became king of the neighboring Netherlands on April 30 when his mother, Beatrix, abdicated.
Doha: Saudi Arabia's 90-year-old King Abdullah has congratulated Qatar's new young emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani, 33, who took power Tuesday after his father abdicated, state news agency SPA reported.
"Based on the GAO's findings, it appears Federal regulators have abdicated their responsibility to assure that organ procurement organizations (OPOs) are effective in procuring donated organs and fair in their allocation policies," Rep.
HOLLAND'S Queen Beatrix abdicated last night, giving up the throne to her eldest son, Crown Prince Willem-Alexander.
22 -- Nobel laureate Amartya Sen on Thursday rapped India over its Myanmar policy, saying the country "completely abdicated" its responsibility on morality after getting a "bit of power" and pleaded for global scrutiny of the November 7 general elections under the military junta.
1917 Czar Nicholas II of Russia abdicated in favour of his brother.
"[Seeing] how the state has abdicated responsibility for funding in a fair and equitable manner, it is incumbent on districts to aggressively pursue opportunities that advance the objectives of the district," he said.
Continental, which opposed the original NPRM issued last fall, said DOT "abdicated its responsibility," that the plan "failed to resolve the significant legal and policy concerns raised by Congress, industry and labor," and that it "makes it clear that foreign investors will be allowed to control all significant decisions at a US air carrier and highlights the unworkable nature of bifurcating control of a corporation." ALPA President Duane Woerth called on DOT to "halt this misguided effort and let Congress act [because] erecting a firewall around safety and security operations within the corporate governance of a US airline is simply not possible" and because "the dominant investor wields the power...no matter what the fine print of federal regulations may say." May 8, 2006