abdication


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abdication,

in a political sense, renunciation of high public office, usually by a monarch. Some abdications have been purely voluntary and resulted in no loss of prestige. For instance, Holy Roman Emperor Charles VCharles V,
1500–1558, Holy Roman emperor (1519–58) and, as Charles I, king of Spain (1516–56); son of Philip I and Joanna of Castile, grandson of Ferdinand II of Aragón, Isabella of Castile, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, and Mary of Burgundy.
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, who abdicated for religious motives, remained influential until his death, and Philip VPhilip V,
1683–1746, king of Spain (1700–1746), first Bourbon on the Spanish throne. A grandson of Louis XIV of France, he was titular duke of Anjou before Charles II of Spain designated him as his successor.
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 of Spain actually resumed the throne after abdicating. In Japan it has not been uncommon for the ruler to retire voluntarily to a life of religious contemplation, assured of a special title and many honors. However, most abdications have amounted to a confession of a failure in policy and are only the final and formal renunciation of an authority that events have already taken away. In the Chinese Empire forced abdications were frequent, the empire itself ending with the abdication of the boy ruler Hsuan T'ung in 1912 (see Pu YiPu Yi
or Henry Pu-yi,
Manchu Aisin Gioro, 1906–67, last emperor (1908–12) of China, under the reign name Hsuan T'ung. After his abdication, the new republican government granted him a large government pension and permitted him to live in the
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). Since 1688, when the English Parliament declared James II to have abdicated by reason of flight and subversion of the constitution, abdication by a British ruler without parliamentary consent has been forbidden. When Edward VIIIEdward VIII,
1894–1972, king of Great Britain and Ireland (1936), known in later years as the duke of Windsor; eldest son of George V. He attended the naval colleges at Osborne and Dartmouth and Magdalen College, Oxford. In 1911 he was made prince of Wales.
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 of England abdicated in 1936 in order to marry an American divorcee (his ministers having refused to approve the marriage), the abdication was given legal effect by an act of Parliament. Though several written constitutions contain provisions for abdication, there are few uniformly accepted rules for dealing with it. Defeat and political chaos following World Wars I and II forced the abdication of many rulers, most notably Emperor William II of Germany, Farouk of Egypt, and Leopold III of Belgium.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another royal expert also said that abdication is something that Her Majesty cannot just decide to do.
Presidents Trumps withdrawal from the Paris Climate Agreement was a complete abdication of moral and global leadership.
He held the position until July 2013, when he announced his abdication - citing ill health - and was replaced by his son, Philippe.
TV screens show news program reporting on Emperor Akihito's abdication, at an electrical appliance store in Urayasu, near Tokyo Tuesday, April 30, 2019.
This historic moment began when then Emperor Akihito announced his plan to step down due to health concerns last December 2017, thus this is the first abdication in Japan's throne in 200 years.
Akihito reported his abdication in sanctuaries inside the Imperial Palace, including one honouring the sun goddess Amaterasu Omikami, from whom mythology says the imperial line is descended, and two others for departed emperors and Shinto gods.
Summary: Tokyo [Japan], Apr 30 (ANI): Fondly referred to as the "people's emperor," Japan's Emperor Akihito participated in his abdication ceremony on Tuesday, making way for his 59-year-old son, Crown Prince Naruhito, to take over the Chrysanthemum throne as Japan's 126th Emperor from Wednesday.
(https://us.cnn.com/2019/04/29/asia/japan-imperial-abdication-akihito-reiwa-intl/index.html) Marking the abdication , a short ceremony was held at 5 p.m.
JAPANESE emperor Akihito has begun his abdication rituals at a Shinto shrine as the country embraces the end of his reign with reminiscence and hope for a new era.
In the first private ceremonies of the day, the emperor reported his abdication to the mythological ancestors of Japan's imperial family.
Emperor Akihito of Japan formally stepped down Tuesday, the first abdication for 200 years in the world's oldest monarchy, as his son Naruhito prepared to take the Chrysanthemum Throne and usher in a new imperial era.
Draped in ornate golden-brown robes and wearing a towering black hat, Japan's Emperor Akihito on Tuesday kicked off ceremonies for his abdication, the first in 200 years for the world's oldest monarchy.