The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a marriage practice in which the groom steals the bride. The abduction may be forcible, or it may be done with the prior agreement of the groom’s and bride’s families. According to the prevailing scientific opinion, the first type of abduction was always rare because it led to confrontations between primitive communes and similar groups. The second type, however, was widely practiced, especially among several Northern Caucasian peoples in prerevolutionary times, since it helped eliminate some of the wedding expenses. In a third type, the abduction was simulated, that is, the bride was playfully captured by the groom. This practice is still part of the traditional wedding rituals of many peoples.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
expecting inheritance, kidnapped by uncle. [Br. Lit.: Kidnapped]
kidnapped at age five; taken from Scotland. [Br. Lit.: Guy Mannering]
to save an orphan girl from cruel treatment, removes her from school by trickery and becomes her guardian. [Fr. Lit.: France The Crime of Sylvestre Bonnard in Magill II, 196]
carried off in lusting Aurora’s chariot. [Rom. Myth.: Hall, 36]
kidnapped to the lamasery called Shangri-la. [Br. Lit.: Lost Horizon]
maiden carried off to Crete by Zeus in the form of a white bull. [Gk. Myth.: Benét, 327]
abducted by Duke of Mantua’s courtiers. [Ital. Opera: Verdi, Rigoletto, Westerman, 299–300]
carried off by Paris, thus precipitating Trojan war. [Gk. Lit.: Iliad, Hall, 147]
boy beloved by Heracles is carried off by the nymphs after he draws water from their fountain. [Gk. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 476]
Prisoner of Zenda, The
princess carried off on her wedding night by the wizard Chernomor. [Russ. Poetry: Ruslan and Lyudmilla in Haydn & Fuller, 653]
King of Ruritania is held captive in castle of Zenda. [Br. Lit.: The Prisoner of Zenda]
Raid of Ruthven
(Gk. Persephone) whisked away by lustful Pluto in chariot. [Rom. Lit.: Metamorphoses; Fasti; Art: Hall, 260]
James VI kidnapped for ten months by Protestant nobles (1582-1583). [Scot. Hist.: Grun, 258]
1800s “body snatchers”; supplied cadavers for dissection. [Br. Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 756]
virgins of Jabesh-gilead
menfolk absent, Romans carry off women for wives. [Rom. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 948; Flem. Art: Rubens, “Rape of the Sabine Women”]
abducted by Israelites while dancing at Shiloh. [O.T.: Judges 21:12–24]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
The process of inference
to the best explanation.
"Abduction" is sometimes used to mean just the generation of
hypotheses to explain observations or conclusionsm, but the
former definition is more common both in philosophy and
and the implementation of abduction cannot be
reduced to those for deduction
, as explanation cannot be
reduced to implication.
Applications include fault diagnosis, plan formation and
Negation as failure in logic programming
can both be given
an abductive interpretation and also can be used to implement
abduction. The abductive semantics of negation as failure
leads naturally to an argumentation
of default reasoning in general.
["Abductive Inference", John R. Josephson
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