abduction

(redirected from abduct)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Idioms, Wikipedia.
Related to abduct: adduct

abduction

[ab′dək·shən]
(physiology)
Movement of an extremity or other body part away from the axis of the body.

Abduction

 

a marriage practice in which the groom steals the bride. The abduction may be forcible, or it may be done with the prior agreement of the groom’s and bride’s families. According to the prevailing scientific opinion, the first type of abduction was always rare because it led to confrontations between primitive communes and similar groups. The second type, however, was widely practiced, especially among several Northern Caucasian peoples in prerevolutionary times, since it helped eliminate some of the wedding expenses. In a third type, the abduction was simulated, that is, the bride was playfully captured by the groom. This practice is still part of the traditional wedding rituals of many peoples.

Abduction

Balfour, David
expecting inheritance, kidnapped by uncle. [Br. Lit.: Kidnapped]
Bertram, Henry
kidnapped at age five; taken from Scotland. [Br. Lit.: Guy Mannering]
Bonnard, Sylvestre
to save an orphan girl from cruel treatment, removes her from school by trickery and becomes her guardian. [Fr. Lit.: France The Crime of Sylvestre Bonnard in Magill II, 196]
Cephalus
carried off in lusting Aurora’s chariot. [Rom. Myth.: Hall, 36]
Conway, Hugh
kidnapped to the lamasery called Shangri-la. [Br. Lit.: Lost Horizon]
Europa
maiden carried off to Crete by Zeus in the form of a white bull. [Gk. Myth.: Benét, 327]
Gilda
abducted by Duke of Mantua’s courtiers. [Ital. Opera: Verdi, Rigoletto, Westerman, 299–300]
Helen
carried off by Paris, thus precipitating Trojan war. [Gk. Lit.: Iliad, Hall, 147]
Hylas
boy beloved by Heracles is carried off by the nymphs after he draws water from their fountain. [Gk. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 476]
Lyudmilla
princess carried off on her wedding night by the wizard Chernomor. [Russ. Poetry: Ruslan and Lyudmilla in Haydn & Fuller, 653]
Prisoner of Zenda, The
King of Ruritania is held captive in castle of Zenda. [Br. Lit.: The Prisoner of Zenda]
Proserpina
(Gk. Persephone) whisked away by lustful Pluto in chariot. [Rom. Lit.: Metamorphoses; Fasti; Art: Hall, 260]
Raid of Ruthven
James VI kidnapped for ten months by Protestant nobles (1582-1583). [Scot. Hist.: Grun, 258]
Resurrection Men
1800s “body snatchers”; supplied cadavers for dissection. [Br. Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 756]
Sabine Women
menfolk absent, Romans carry off women for wives. [Rom. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 948; Flem. Art: Rubens, “Rape of the Sabine Women”]
virgins of Jabesh-gilead
abducted by Israelites while dancing at Shiloh. [O.T.: Judges 21:12–24]

abduction

(logic)
The process of inference to the best explanation.

"Abduction" is sometimes used to mean just the generation of hypotheses to explain observations or conclusionsm, but the former definition is more common both in philosophy and computing.

The semantics and the implementation of abduction cannot be reduced to those for deduction, as explanation cannot be reduced to implication.

Applications include fault diagnosis, plan formation and default reasoning.

Negation as failure in logic programming can both be given an abductive interpretation and also can be used to implement abduction. The abductive semantics of negation as failure leads naturally to an argumentation-theoretic interpretation of default reasoning in general.

["Abductive Inference", John R. Josephson <jj@cis.ohio-state.edu>].
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2018, 340 were reportedly abducted, 322 were recovered and 18 were still missing.
Lanning, "Child Molesters Who Abduct: Summary of the Case in Point Series," National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (Alexandria, VA, 1995), 17-36.
While they cannot determine what a parent's "normal" reaction to a missing child would be, officers must remain objective and realize that a family member may later become a suspect if the child has been abducted. Officers must balance this objectivity with empathy and support if the parents are in a state of emotional crisis.
The kidnapper used to work as domestic servant in the house of Abdullah and he abducted him to get huge amount as ransom.
The deceased Army man was on way to his home for the festival of Eid when he was abducted in broad daylight from a vehicle.
Churo Amaya MCA Thomas Minito was abducted while on his way from Kabarnet town.
Choi's wife claims her husband vanished after he went to the border area on a business trip, but did not say if she thought he had been abducted.
'The 8 union officials and 10 others who were in a bus were abducted,' the eyewitness said.
Meanwhile, the elders and children of the 17 abducted persons appealed the President of Pakistan, the Prime minister and Chief of Army Staff to take notice of the issue and take steps to recovery and release the 17 abducted persons.
Furthermore, for the second time in just a few weeks, the army invaded Kobar village, near Ramallah, and abducted Ibtisam al-'Abed , the mother Omar, who was taken prisoner on June 21 st , after stabbing three Israeli settlers to death in Halamish colony.
The rebels also abducted a relative of the couple, along with a barangay councilor and some tanods but released them later.
During the meeting, Iranian envoy said that liberation of Iranian abducted diplomats is a national demand.