abduction


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abduction

[ab′dək·shən]
(physiology)
Movement of an extremity or other body part away from the axis of the body.

Abduction

 

a marriage practice in which the groom steals the bride. The abduction may be forcible, or it may be done with the prior agreement of the groom’s and bride’s families. According to the prevailing scientific opinion, the first type of abduction was always rare because it led to confrontations between primitive communes and similar groups. The second type, however, was widely practiced, especially among several Northern Caucasian peoples in prerevolutionary times, since it helped eliminate some of the wedding expenses. In a third type, the abduction was simulated, that is, the bride was playfully captured by the groom. This practice is still part of the traditional wedding rituals of many peoples.

Abduction

Balfour, David
expecting inheritance, kidnapped by uncle. [Br. Lit.: Kidnapped]
Bertram, Henry
kidnapped at age five; taken from Scotland. [Br. Lit.: Guy Mannering]
Bonnard, Sylvestre
to save an orphan girl from cruel treatment, removes her from school by trickery and becomes her guardian. [Fr. Lit.: France The Crime of Sylvestre Bonnard in Magill II, 196]
Cephalus
carried off in lusting Aurora’s chariot. [Rom. Myth.: Hall, 36]
Conway, Hugh
kidnapped to the lamasery called Shangri-la. [Br. Lit.: Lost Horizon]
Europa
maiden carried off to Crete by Zeus in the form of a white bull. [Gk. Myth.: Benét, 327]
Gilda
abducted by Duke of Mantua’s courtiers. [Ital. Opera: Verdi, Rigoletto, Westerman, 299–300]
Helen
carried off by Paris, thus precipitating Trojan war. [Gk. Lit.: Iliad, Hall, 147]
Hylas
boy beloved by Heracles is carried off by the nymphs after he draws water from their fountain. [Gk. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 476]
Lyudmilla
princess carried off on her wedding night by the wizard Chernomor. [Russ. Poetry: Ruslan and Lyudmilla in Haydn & Fuller, 653]
Prisoner of Zenda, The
King of Ruritania is held captive in castle of Zenda. [Br. Lit.: The Prisoner of Zenda]
Proserpina
(Gk. Persephone) whisked away by lustful Pluto in chariot. [Rom. Lit.: Metamorphoses; Fasti; Art: Hall, 260]
Raid of Ruthven
James VI kidnapped for ten months by Protestant nobles (1582-1583). [Scot. Hist.: Grun, 258]
Resurrection Men
1800s “body snatchers”; supplied cadavers for dissection. [Br. Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 756]
Sabine Women
menfolk absent, Romans carry off women for wives. [Rom. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 948; Flem. Art: Rubens, “Rape of the Sabine Women”]
virgins of Jabesh-gilead
abducted by Israelites while dancing at Shiloh. [O.T.: Judges 21:12–24]

abduction

(logic)
The process of inference to the best explanation.

"Abduction" is sometimes used to mean just the generation of hypotheses to explain observations or conclusionsm, but the former definition is more common both in philosophy and computing.

The semantics and the implementation of abduction cannot be reduced to those for deduction, as explanation cannot be reduced to implication.

Applications include fault diagnosis, plan formation and default reasoning.

Negation as failure in logic programming can both be given an abductive interpretation and also can be used to implement abduction. The abductive semantics of negation as failure leads naturally to an argumentation-theoretic interpretation of default reasoning in general.

["Abductive Inference", John R. Josephson <jj@cis.ohio-state.edu>].
References in periodicals archive ?
Broadly speaking, abduction is a reasoning process invoked to explain a puzzling observation.
229-32) Finally, in the book's afterword, Fass disapprovingly observes that "the desire to seek means of repression and vengence [sic] has followed each serious abduction like a shadow." (p.
Or, in the case of Aliens in America, the phenomena of UFO sightings and alien abductions. Despite its apparent novelty, then, Dean's exercise remains the perpetual poststructuralist exercise: to show how the text resists a unified, coherent meaning, and thereby challenges common sense.
She further said the government will not allow abductions to be a way of life in the country.
Those who groom children online can also be guilty of child abduction if they encourage or facilitate a child to go with them somewhere - even if they never actually meet the child.
Earlier today, Additional Inspector General Karachi Ameer Sheikh said a particular political party was spreading abduction scare in the metropolis.
Abduction of women is disgrace, sign of wildness, cruelty and backwardness," the Ombudsman underlined.
In informal contact earlier this year, North Korea reiterated its position that abductions of Japanese citizens in the 1970s and 1980s had been resolved, sources close to bilateral relations said Saturday,The Japan Timesreports.
The party also noted that more disheartening was the attempts by the President to politicize killings in troubled states and particularly the abduction of our innocent Dapchi daughters, right in the presence of their distraught parents.
Bukit Mertajam MP Steven Sim also repeated his assertion that Koh's abduction last year was an 'act of terror', and insisted that the government should deploy every resource to find the missing Christian pastor.