abduction


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abduction

[ab′dək·shən]
(physiology)
Movement of an extremity or other body part away from the axis of the body.

Abduction

 

a marriage practice in which the groom steals the bride. The abduction may be forcible, or it may be done with the prior agreement of the groom’s and bride’s families. According to the prevailing scientific opinion, the first type of abduction was always rare because it led to confrontations between primitive communes and similar groups. The second type, however, was widely practiced, especially among several Northern Caucasian peoples in prerevolutionary times, since it helped eliminate some of the wedding expenses. In a third type, the abduction was simulated, that is, the bride was playfully captured by the groom. This practice is still part of the traditional wedding rituals of many peoples.

Abduction

Balfour, David
expecting inheritance, kidnapped by uncle. [Br. Lit.: Kidnapped]
Bertram, Henry
kidnapped at age five; taken from Scotland. [Br. Lit.: Guy Mannering]
Bonnard, Sylvestre
to save an orphan girl from cruel treatment, removes her from school by trickery and becomes her guardian. [Fr. Lit.: France The Crime of Sylvestre Bonnard in Magill II, 196]
Cephalus
carried off in lusting Aurora’s chariot. [Rom. Myth.: Hall, 36]
Conway, Hugh
kidnapped to the lamasery called Shangri-la. [Br. Lit.: Lost Horizon]
Europa
maiden carried off to Crete by Zeus in the form of a white bull. [Gk. Myth.: Benét, 327]
Gilda
abducted by Duke of Mantua’s courtiers. [Ital. Opera: Verdi, Rigoletto, Westerman, 299–300]
Helen
carried off by Paris, thus precipitating Trojan war. [Gk. Lit.: Iliad, Hall, 147]
Hylas
boy beloved by Heracles is carried off by the nymphs after he draws water from their fountain. [Gk. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 476]
Lyudmilla
princess carried off on her wedding night by the wizard Chernomor. [Russ. Poetry: Ruslan and Lyudmilla in Haydn & Fuller, 653]
Prisoner of Zenda, The
King of Ruritania is held captive in castle of Zenda. [Br. Lit.: The Prisoner of Zenda]
Proserpina
(Gk. Persephone) whisked away by lustful Pluto in chariot. [Rom. Lit.: Metamorphoses; Fasti; Art: Hall, 260]
Raid of Ruthven
James VI kidnapped for ten months by Protestant nobles (1582-1583). [Scot. Hist.: Grun, 258]
Resurrection Men
1800s “body snatchers”; supplied cadavers for dissection. [Br. Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 756]
Sabine Women
menfolk absent, Romans carry off women for wives. [Rom. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 948; Flem. Art: Rubens, “Rape of the Sabine Women”]
virgins of Jabesh-gilead
abducted by Israelites while dancing at Shiloh. [O.T.: Judges 21:12–24]

abduction

(logic)
The process of inference to the best explanation.

"Abduction" is sometimes used to mean just the generation of hypotheses to explain observations or conclusionsm, but the former definition is more common both in philosophy and computing.

The semantics and the implementation of abduction cannot be reduced to those for deduction, as explanation cannot be reduced to implication.

Applications include fault diagnosis, plan formation and default reasoning.

Negation as failure in logic programming can both be given an abductive interpretation and also can be used to implement abduction. The abductive semantics of negation as failure leads naturally to an argumentation-theoretic interpretation of default reasoning in general.

["Abductive Inference", John R. Josephson <jj@cis.ohio-state.edu>].
References in periodicals archive ?
Although various programs have reduced the number of international abductions by 25 percent in the last two years, the United States can continue to play a leading role in further reducing abductions through raising awareness and public education.
Twelve military and civilian trauma patients underwent SA to SS nerve transfer for restoration of shoulder abduction as part of closed BPI between 31 Jan to 31 July 2013 (first 6 months of study).
I was first involved in an international child abduction case eight years ago and I have been resolution accredited for six years - this was an area of law I was interested to develop at MSB.
Supt Bacon added: "A proportion of these cases involve parental abductions and other cases where the victims and offenders are known to each other, rather than youngsters being 'snatched' off the streets by strangers.
The number of child abductions across England and Wales increased 11 per cent to 569 in the 12 months to April, the first rise in nine years.
The coast guard in 2002 set up panels designed to look into possible cases of North Korea's abductions at various regional coast guard headquarters that have jurisdiction over the Sea of Japan and East China Sea.
Prime Minister Abe showed the resolve to move forward, even by a step or two, the abduction issue on his own when he formed the Cabinet," Amari said when asked about the purpose of Iijima's visit, adding he hoped the meaning of the trip would be inferred as government ministers are not supposed to comment on it.
A chilling report by professors Jeff Edleson and Taryn Lindhorst and funded by the National Institute of Justice tells this other side of the abduction story.
In Tokyo, Chief Cabinet Secretary Osamu Fujimura told a press conference that Japan believes the abduction issue should be discussed between the two sides and that it welcomes the agreement with North Korea to hold higher-level talks.
Yet, according to the FBI's Behavioral Analysis Unit's (BAU) Child Abduction Response Plan (CARP), the neighborhood canvass is, perhaps, the most vital step in missing children cases.
BEIRUT: The government was urged Monday to sign up to an international agreement that would help reduce the rate of child abduction in Lebanon.
The husband of the abducted nurse Bhanwari Devi alleged water resources minister Mahipal Maderna, with whom his wife was friendly, was involved in his abduction.