abduction

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abduction

[ab′dək·shən]
(physiology)
Movement of an extremity or other body part away from the axis of the body.

Abduction

 

a marriage practice in which the groom steals the bride. The abduction may be forcible, or it may be done with the prior agreement of the groom’s and bride’s families. According to the prevailing scientific opinion, the first type of abduction was always rare because it led to confrontations between primitive communes and similar groups. The second type, however, was widely practiced, especially among several Northern Caucasian peoples in prerevolutionary times, since it helped eliminate some of the wedding expenses. In a third type, the abduction was simulated, that is, the bride was playfully captured by the groom. This practice is still part of the traditional wedding rituals of many peoples.

Abduction

Balfour, David
expecting inheritance, kidnapped by uncle. [Br. Lit.: Kidnapped]
Bertram, Henry
kidnapped at age five; taken from Scotland. [Br. Lit.: Guy Mannering]
Bonnard, Sylvestre
to save an orphan girl from cruel treatment, removes her from school by trickery and becomes her guardian. [Fr. Lit.: France The Crime of Sylvestre Bonnard in Magill II, 196]
Cephalus
carried off in lusting Aurora’s chariot. [Rom. Myth.: Hall, 36]
Conway, Hugh
kidnapped to the lamasery called Shangri-la. [Br. Lit.: Lost Horizon]
Europa
maiden carried off to Crete by Zeus in the form of a white bull. [Gk. Myth.: Benét, 327]
Gilda
abducted by Duke of Mantua’s courtiers. [Ital. Opera: Verdi, Rigoletto, Westerman, 299–300]
Helen
carried off by Paris, thus precipitating Trojan war. [Gk. Lit.: Iliad, Hall, 147]
Hylas
boy beloved by Heracles is carried off by the nymphs after he draws water from their fountain. [Gk. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 476]
Lyudmilla
princess carried off on her wedding night by the wizard Chernomor. [Russ. Poetry: Ruslan and Lyudmilla in Haydn & Fuller, 653]
Prisoner of Zenda, The
King of Ruritania is held captive in castle of Zenda. [Br. Lit.: The Prisoner of Zenda]
Proserpina
(Gk. Persephone) whisked away by lustful Pluto in chariot. [Rom. Lit.: Metamorphoses; Fasti; Art: Hall, 260]
Raid of Ruthven
James VI kidnapped for ten months by Protestant nobles (1582-1583). [Scot. Hist.: Grun, 258]
Resurrection Men
1800s “body snatchers”; supplied cadavers for dissection. [Br. Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 756]
Sabine Women
menfolk absent, Romans carry off women for wives. [Rom. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 948; Flem. Art: Rubens, “Rape of the Sabine Women”]
virgins of Jabesh-gilead
abducted by Israelites while dancing at Shiloh. [O.T.: Judges 21:12–24]

abduction

(logic)
The process of inference to the best explanation.

"Abduction" is sometimes used to mean just the generation of hypotheses to explain observations or conclusionsm, but the former definition is more common both in philosophy and computing.

The semantics and the implementation of abduction cannot be reduced to those for deduction, as explanation cannot be reduced to implication.

Applications include fault diagnosis, plan formation and default reasoning.

Negation as failure in logic programming can both be given an abductive interpretation and also can be used to implement abduction. The abductive semantics of negation as failure leads naturally to an argumentation-theoretic interpretation of default reasoning in general.

["Abductive Inference", John R. Josephson <jj@cis.ohio-state.edu>].
References in periodicals archive ?
Although various programs have reduced the number of international abductions by 25 percent in the last two years, the United States can continue to play a leading role in further reducing abductions through raising awareness and public education.
Superintendent Tim Bacon said: "The figures relating to the number of child abductions and kidnappings may seem alarming but they must put into context.
The figures for the West Midlands were released under a Freedom of Information Act submitted by the charity Parents and Abducted Children Together Geoff Newiss, director of research at PACT, said: "These figures show the West Midlands is not immune from the problem of abduction.
An Abduction Revelation" is an intriguing adventure inspired by some true life experiences of the Author.
The move comes in response to a recent news report carrying a confession by a North Korean defector that abductions of Japanese fishermen took place.
His comments came after his adviser, Isao Iijima, made a surprise visit to Pyongyang, during which he demanded in talks with North Korean officials that Pyongyang return all of the Japanese abductees, hand over the abductors and provide a full account of the abductions.
Unfortunately, the Senate seems to have forgotten that not all abductions are the same.
The North maintains the abduction cases have been resolved, but Japan has been seeking a reinvestigation into the abductions that took place in the 1970s and 1980s.
According to FBI studies, the majority of successfully resolved child abduction cases included a neighborhood canvass.
Shalaby, whose own daughter was abducted to Egypt, said that a large proportion of abductions were committed by parents who are unaware such action is illegal.
The US Department of State created Jacobs' position in order to address inter-country adoptions and international parental abductions.
Japan is a safe haven in the world of international parental child abductions.