ablaut


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Related to ablaut: metathesis, umlaut, suppletion

ablaut

(äp`lout) [Ger.,=off-sound], in inflectioninflection,
in grammar. In many languages, words or parts of words are arranged in formally similar sets consisting of a root, or base, and various affixes. Thus walking, walks, walker have in common the root walk and the affixes -ing, -s, and -er.
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, vowel variation (as in English sing, sang, sung, song) caused by former differences in syllabic accent. In a prehistoric period the corresponding inflected forms of the language (known through internal reconstruction) had differences in accent rather than in vowel. Phonological change resulted in alteration of syllable structure and in vowel gradation. See umlautumlaut
[Ger.,=transformed sound], in inflection, variation of vowels of the type of English man to men. In this instance it is the end product of the effect of a y (long since disappeared) that was present in the plural; the y
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References in periodicals archive ?
While the motivation of a significant part of the contrast holding between strong verbs and their derivatives is to be found in ablaut, some correspondences between the strong verb and its derivatives clearly fall out of the scope of this phenomenon.
As PKh *i is the high ablaut grade of original *a (Helimski 2001; [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 2006 : 42), the underlying Ob-Ugric vowel correspondence is PKh *a ~ PMs *c.
In this section I show that aspect is marked by stem ablaut combined with tense suffixes and auxiliaries.
This mechanism occurs in combination with oblique markers Hunzib oze 'boy'), epenthetic vowels (Khwarshi bolo 'wolf) and ablaut (Bezhta bolo 'neck').
The fourth category, vocalization or ablaut, has been long known through its frequent appearance in the formation of the various verb stems.
Outras implementacoes dizem respeito as oracoes encaixadas, a maior complexidade no uso das construcoes com a copula, a utilizacao do ablaut nos verbos irregulares e a metafonia nos verbos regulares.
This front-back distinction looks very much like the same kind of ablaut variation one finds between, say, Greek [pi][omicron][delta][omicron][zeta](podos, with mid back rounded [o]; English cognate podiatrist) and Latin pedis (with mid front unrounded [e]; cognate pedestrian), both meaning "foot," and both coming from the PIE root *ped-.
After noting the existence of an Indo-European ablaut *mero/*moro which denotes an adjective meaning "gross" as revealed by Celtic -maros, Germanic -merus, and Greek -[GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], Schmidt lists several facts which for him point to a borrowing of the Slavic from the Germanic.
Beside the root fac-, there occurs an ablaut variant fec- seen in the perfect system: fec- '(I) have done', etc.
Price, A History of Ablaut in the Strong Verbs from Caxton to the End of the Elizabethan Period, Bonner Studien zur englischen Philologie, 3 (1910), 47.
Though of course the phenomenon of ablaut or root vowel alternation clearly deserves deep reflection in this respect, it will be enough for me to suggest in this paper that regular verbs are ones that arguably set the line for the morphological process of computation taking place in core or narrow syntax, whereas irregular verbs would lend themselves to the same process of V-to-T (or lack of V-to-T) as applied to regular verbs.
The six major processes distinguished by this author are: compounding, affixation, suprafixation, replication (string of phonemes that is a copy of the replicant), apophony (also known as ablaut, alternation of sounds within a word that indicates grammatical information, often inflectional), and conversion.