ablaut

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ablaut

(äp`lout) [Ger.,=off-sound], in inflectioninflection,
in grammar. In many languages, words or parts of words are arranged in formally similar sets consisting of a root, or base, and various affixes. Thus walking, walks, walker have in common the root walk and the affixes -ing, -s, and -er.
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, vowel variation (as in English sing, sang, sung, song) caused by former differences in syllabic accent. In a prehistoric period the corresponding inflected forms of the language (known through internal reconstruction) had differences in accent rather than in vowel. Phonological change resulted in alteration of syllable structure and in vowel gradation. See umlautumlaut
[Ger.,=transformed sound], in inflection, variation of vowels of the type of English man to men. In this instance it is the end product of the effect of a y (long since disappeared) that was present in the plural; the y
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References in periodicals archive ?
Focusing on contrasts not related to ablaut, this research has yielded 854 instances, which makes an average of approximately three per derivational paradigm.
The list of the contrasts not attributable to ablaut that constitute alternations of the type presented in figure 4 is given in figure 5.
The solution that we propose in this respect is that the phonologically motivated alternations discussed in this paper are morphological due to the morphological contrast they involve, their relative frequency and, above all, because they are related to the ablaut system of the strong verb.