abrasive


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Related to abrasive: Abrasive wear

abrasive,

material used to grind, smooth, cut, or polish another substance. Natural abrasives include sandsand,
rock material occurring in the form of loose, rounded or angular grains, varying in size from .06 mm to 2 mm in diameter, the particles being smaller than those of gravel and larger than those of silt or clay.
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, pumicepumice
, volcanic glass formed by the solidification of lava that is permeated with gas bubbles. Usually found at the surface of a lava flow, it is colorless or light gray and has the general appearance of a rock froth.
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, corundumcorundum
, mineral, aluminum oxide, Al2O3. The clear varieties are used as gems and the opaque as abrasive materials. Corundum occurs in crystals of the hexagonal system and in masses. It is transparent to opaque and has a vitreous to adamantine luster.
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, and ground quartzquartz,
one of the commonest of all rock-forming minerals and one of the most important constituents of the earth's crust. Chemically, it is silicon dioxide, SiO2.
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. Carborundum (silicon carbidesilicon carbide,
chemical compound, SiC, that forms extremely hard, dark, iridescent crystals that are insoluble in water and other common solvents. Widely used as an abrasive, it is marketed under such familiar trade names as Carborundum and Crystolon.
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) and aluminaalumina
or aluminum oxide,
Al2O3, chemical compound with m.p. about 2,000°C; and sp. gr. about 4.0. It is insoluble in water and organic liquids and very slightly soluble in strong acids and alkalies. Alumina occurs in two crystalline forms.
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 (aluminum oxide) are important synthetically produced abrasives. The hardest abrasives are natural or synthetic diamondsdiamond,
mineral, one of two crystalline forms of the element carbon (see allotropy), the hardest natural substance known, used as a gem and in industry. Properties
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, used in the form of dust or minuscule stones.

abrasive

[ə′brās·əv]
(geology)
A small, hard, sharp-cornered rock fragment, used by natural agents in abrading rock material or land surfaces. Also known as abrasive ground.
(materials)
A material used, usually as a grit sieved by a specified mesh but also as a solid shape or as a paste or slurry or air suspension, for grinding, honing, lapping, superfinishing, polishing, pressure blasting, or barrel tumbling.
A material sintered or formed into a solid mass such as a hone or a wheel disk, cone, or burr for grinding or polishing other materials.
Having qualities conducive to or derived from abrasion. Also known as abradant.

Abrasive

A material of extreme hardness that is used to shape other materials by a grinding or abrading action. Abrasive materials may be used either as loose grains, as grinding wheels, or as coatings on cloth or paper. They may be formed into ceramic cutting tools that are used for machining metal in the same way that ordinary machine tools are used. Because of their superior hardness and refractory properties, they have advantages in speed of operation, depth of cut, and smoothness of finish.

Abrasive products are used for cleaning and machining all types of metal, for grinding and polishing glass, for grinding logs to paper pulp, for cutting metals, glass, and cement, and for manufacturing many miscellaneous products such as brake linings and nonslip floor tile.

The important natural abrasives are diamond, corundum, emery, garnet, feldspar, calcined clay, lime, chalk, and silica, SiO2, in its many forms—sandstone, sand, flint, and diatomite.

The synthetic abrasive materials are silicon carbide, aluminum oxide, titanium carbide, and boron carbide. The synthesis of diamond puts this material in the category of manufactured abrasives.

abrasive

A hard substance for removing material by grinding, lapping, honing, and polishing. Common abrasives include silicon carbide, boron carbide, diamond, emery, garnet, quartz, tripoli, pumice, diatomite, metal shot, grit, and various sands; usually adhered to paper or cloth.
References in periodicals archive ?
Additional employees affected by the abrasive leader may contact the EAP, and this scenario is then repeated.
Technavio's analysts forecast the global non-woven abrasives market to grow at a CAGR of 3.
Based on SEM images and mass loss measurements, the effects of vibration amplitude and abrasive concentration on the extent of cavitation erosion and surface characteristics were investigated.
Life Expectancy: How long do you want the abrasive to last and how fast do you want to grind or cut?
In literature [3, 5-8] the hardness is referred as the main property which has influence to abrasive wear resistance, i.
10 show the abrasive wear mass losses of the Scapharca subcrenata shell, the Scapharca subcrenata node rib pattern shell and the Burnt-end Ark shell.
The Waterjet Cyclone is easy to set up and operate, can be operated while unattended, and requires no machine downtime to remove abrasive, according to the statement.
This work contains selected papers from an October 2007 conference held in China, detailing recent advances in the field of abrasive technology, including the mechanics and control of abrasive processes, modeling and simulation of abrasive processes, measurement and surface quality assessment, cooling and coolants, polishing, wheel truing and dressing, novel abrasive techniques, and novel machining techniques.
The most obvious abrasive wear occurs in the high shear areas of the mixing chamber, specifically where there is an obvious loss of metal on the leading edge of the rotor wing for a tangential mixer and on the minor and major diameters of the rotors of the intermeshing designs.
Due to the improved tenacity, Single-Morundum abrasives are used mainly in precision processing of automotive parts.
Trizact CF abrasive reduces the need for grit mops and set up wheels.
Lu also wonders whether Neolithic societies polished jade with diamond, since it would have been a more efficient abrasive than quartz.