abruptio placenta


Also found in: Medical.

abruptio placenta

[ə‚brəp·shē·o plə′sent·ə]
(medicine)
A pregnancy disorder in which the placenta separates prematurely from the uterus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Keywords: Abruptio placenta, APH (antepartum hemorrhage), Calcification, Cotyledon, Diameter in centimeters, Fibrinoid necrosis, Syncytial knots, Weight in grams.
During a median 4.9 years of follow-up, women who experienced abruptio placenta were at 6% increased risk for heart failure, 11% greater risk for MI, 8% increased risk for hypertensive urgency, and 2% greater risk for myocardial infarction with no obstructive atherosclerosis (MINOCA) in an age- and race-adjusted analysis.
The parameters taken were maternal age, parity, birth spacing, employment, antenatal care, history of anemia, placenta previa, abruptio placenta, and preeclampsia in pregnancy.
Term Abdominal pregnancy misdiagnosed as Abruptio Placenta. Nig J Clin Pract 2005; 8(1): 43-45.
Pulmonary oedema was found in 2 (5%) cases, acute renal failure in 10 (25%), disseminated intravascular coagulation in 6 (15%), and abruptio placenta in 5 (12.5%).
Table-1: Profile of the Patients Undergone Emergency Peripartum Hysterectomy Characteristics N % 21-25 4 66.7 Age 26-30 1 16.7 (years) 31-35 1 0.0 36-40 0 0.0 1 1 16.7 Parity 2-3 5 83.3 4-6 0 0.0 Table-2: Indications for Emergency Peripartum Hysterectomy Indications N % Uterine atony 4 66.7 Rupture uterus 1 16.7 Placenta previa with accreta 1 66.7 Table-3: Risk Factors for Emergency Peripartum Hysterectomy Risk Factors N % Multiparity 5 83.3 Previous LSCS 2 33.3 Placenta previa 1 16.7 Abruptio placenta 2 33.3 Operative interventions (Vacuum delivery) 1 16.7 Cesarean delivery 4 66.7 Table-4: Maternal Morbidity and Mortality Postoperative Complications N % Blood transfusion 6 100.0 Febrile illness 3 50.0 Anemia 2 33.2 ICU transfer 2 33.3
Increased tHcy has been associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia (2-10), intrauterine growth restriction (3, 7), abruptio placenta (7), stillbirth (2, 7), and miscarriage (11).
The highest rates were seen in deliveries with breech presentation (88.5 percent per medical record and 88.8 percent per birth certificate), seizures during labor (66.7 percent per birth certificate), hydrocephalus (66.7 percent per birth certificate), face or transverse presentation (62.4 percent per medical record), placenta previa (56.0 percent and 81.1 percent, respectively), cord prolapse (76.1 percent and 72.1 percent, respectively), and abruptio placenta (49.8 percent and 55.8 percent, respectively).
There are higher risks of abruptio placenta, hypoglycemia and hypocalcemia, and hypoxia in labor.
Common medical complications were breech presentation (rate: 87.1); history of previous cesarean (74.6); antepartum hemorrhage, abruptio placenta, and placenta previa (64.1); obstructed labor (63.5); and multiple gestation (57.8).