absinthe

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absinthe

(ăb`sĭnth), an emerald-green liqueurliqueur
, strong alcoholic beverage made of almost neutral spirits, flavored with herb mixtures, fruits, or other materials, and usually sweetened. The name derives from the Latin word to melt.
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 distilled from wormwoodwormwood,
Mediterranean perennial herb or shrubby plant (Artemisia absinthium) of the family Asteraceae (aster family), often cultivated in gardens and found as an escape in North America. It has silvery gray, deeply incised leaves and tiny yellow flower heads.
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 and other aromatics, including angelica root, sweet-flag root, star anise, and dittany, which have been macerated and steeped in alcohol. It was invented in the 1790s by a Dr. Pierre Ordinaire, a Frenchman who lived in Switzerland, and the liqueur became enormously popular, particularly in late-19th-century Paris. Genuine absinthe is 70% to 80% alcohol. Because it caused harmful neurological effects (due to the presence of thujone, a toxic chemical in wormwood), absinthe was banned in many countries; where it still is available it is no longer as toxic as it once was.

Bibliography

See study by J. Adams (2004).

absinthe

[ab′santh]
(food engineering)
A green liqueur having a bitter licorice flavor and a high alcohol content.

absinthe

, absinth
1. another name for wormwood (the plant)
2. a potent green alcoholic drink, technically a gin, originally having high wormwood content
References in periodicals archive ?
La Fee will be the first of the international brands to launch a classic, all-natural Verte Absinthe Superieure, which will sit alongside their established Extra Superieure[X--S] range.
So many classics contain absinthe, including what is considered America's first cocktail, the Sazerac, but beyond that, it is leading to experimentation and nouveau cocktails.
In character as Jerome Cloche, a velvet-suited, top-hatted proprietor of a Paris cafe in the 1880s, Bell presented an engaging history of "The Green Fairy," as absinthe has been called due to its reputed mind-altering capabilities.
There's so much interest in it and its history; there's a lot of education needed on absinthe, which is actually a great opportunity for bartenders.
But true notoriety for these intensely flavored alcoholic anise drinks really began in the 1800s, when anise-based spirits took the form of absinthe.
At 100 proof and a lower anise profile than other absinthes on the market, Le Tourment Vert is ideal for mixed drinks and cocktails.
Many absinthes come in black bottles to protect the contents from light.
A turn-of-the-century murder trial in which a Swiss man charged with killing his family was shown to have drunk two absinthes on the day of the killing (along with several bottles of wine and other forms of alcohol) gave impetus to the ban absinthe movement.
These two genuine absinthes are already well established internationally as being among the finest authentic absinthes in the world.
Each represented a link with famous artists known to enjoy absinthe -- Van Gogh, Lautrec, Monet, and Dali.
LOS ANGELES, July 28 /PRNewswire/ -- ABSINTHE MATA HARI, Europe's most prestigious, authentic Bohemian-style absinthe has announced its U.