Electric Constant

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electric constant

[i¦lek·trik ′kän·stənt]
The permittivity of empty space, equal to 1 in centimeter-gram-second electrostatic units and to 107/4π c 2 farads per meter or, numerically, to 8.854 × 10-12 farad per meter in International System units, where c is the speed of light in meters per second. Symbolized ε0.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Electric Constant


(or permittivity of free, or empty, space), the constant of proportionality ∊0 in Coulomb’s law, which gives the force of interaction between two point charges at rest.

In the International System of Units (SI), ∊0 = 10 7/4πC 2 farads per meter (F/m) = 8.85418782 ± 0.00000007 F/m, where c is the speed of light in m/sec. In the centimeter-gram-second (cgs) electrostatic system and in the Gaussian system, ∊0 is taken to be a dimensionless factor equal to unity.

In contrast to the dielectric constant ∊, which depends on the type of substance, temperature, pressure, and other parameters, the electric constant ∊0 depends only on the choice of a system of units.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
where [rho] is the effective polarizability of the particle, [upsilon] is the volume, [[epsilon].sub.m] is the absolute permittivity of the medium, [F.sub.CM] is the Clausius-Mossotti factor and R is the radius of the particle [6].
Substitution of Equations (18)-(21) into Equation (15) by use of the total electric flux density [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] at z < 0 and the transmitted electric flux density [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] at z > 0 ([[epsilon].sup.TE.sub.eff] is the effective absolute permittivity of the metamerial) results in the effective magnetic surface susceptibilities at the interface A:
For isotropic linear media, the scalar complex relative permittivity [[epsilon].sub.r] is defined in terms of the absolute permittivity [epsilon] and the permittivity of vacuum [[epsilon].sub.0] (F/m), as follows [epsilon] ([omega]) = [[epsilon].sub.0][[epsilon].sub.r] ([omega]), where [[epsilon].sub.r] ([omega]) = [[epsilon] [.sub.r[infinity]] + [X.sub.r] ([omega]) = [[epsilon]'.sub.r] ([omega]) - i[[epsilon]".sub.r] ([omega]), and [[epsilon] [.sub.r[infinity]] is the optical-limit of the relative permittivity.