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absolute,

in philosophy, the opposite of relative. The term has acquired numerous widely variant connotations in different philosophical systems. It means unlimited, unconditioned, or free of any relation; perfect, complete, or total; permanent, inherent, or ultimate; independent, or valid without reference to a perceiving subject. In epistemology, absolute means certain or indubitable as opposed to probable or hypothetical. As a substantive, the absolute is the ultimate basis of reality, the principle underlying the universe. Theologically, it is synonymous with, or characteristic of, God. Philosophically, it may be considered as the unknowable, the thing-in-itself; as that ultimate nonrelative that is the basis of all relation; as the ultimate, all-comprehensive principle in which all differences and distinctions are merged. The concept of the absolute was present in Greek philosophy. In modern times, both realists and idealists have used the term, but it is, perhaps, most intimately connected with the idealism of G. W. HegelHegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich
, 1770–1831, German philosopher, b. Stuttgart; son of a government clerk. Life and Works

Educated in theology at Tübingen, Hegel was a private tutor at Bern and Frankfurt.
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absolute

[‚ab·sə′lüt]
(meteorology)
Referring to the highest or lowest recorded value of a meteorological element, whether at a single station or over an area, during a given period. Abbreviated abs.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

absolute

1. Physics
a. (of a pressure measurement) not relative to atmospheric pressure
b. denoting absolute or thermodynamic temperature
2. Maths
a. (of a constant) never changing in value
b. (of an inequality) unconditional
c. (of a term) not containing a variable
3. Law (of a court order or decree) coming into effect immediately and not liable to be modified; final
4. Law (of a title to property, etc.) not subject to any encumbrance or condition
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

absolute

In programming, a mathematical function that always returns a positive number. For example, ABS(25-100) yields 75, not -75. See absolute address.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
Likewise, the People in populism are assigned absoluteness, this being an inviting void which transcends normative language.
This principle is closely connected to the task-related principle of absoluteness, which will be discussed a little later.
The "sacred" figure of 707 may therefore also symbolize that "modicum of absoluteness" no combination of pips can abolish.
US BACK OUR SUN, Kentridge spoke of rebellions against colonization as a resistance to the European clock, whose absoluteness was itself undermined by Einstein's discovery of time's relativity.
This seems simple enough, except that the text renders this description problematic by describing two seemingly contradictory voices: one describes sin as an unprecedented, inexplicable qualitative leap; the other describes how the fragility and anxiety of the self 'provide a context out of which sin arises, seemingly assuaging the absoluteness of its eruption' (66).
Today, that power-grab has reached a degree of arbitrariness and absoluteness incompatible with democratic norms.
Hick and Knitter point to the example of Christianity, where uniqueness "has come to signify the unique definitiveness, absoluteness, normativeness, superiority of Christianity in comparison with other religions of the world." (11) It is this sense of uniqueness, the sense of being superior, that needs to be rooted out.
Its adherents not only uphold the absence of God, but claim an infallibility and absoluteness unseen in the past.
Secularization, in his opinion, means only the separation of belief and politics, and he says that as a result of Islamic immigration Europeans may once again acquire a stronger belief in the absoluteness of God.
Against pluralist theologians, the author insists on the uniqueness and absoluteness of Jesus' incarnation; attempts to read that incarnation in a symbolic fashion or as nonunique strike Sonnemans as a potential agnosticism (p.
Simmel is no moral relativist, but he imagines "a supple absoluteness" to moral judgment.
If we are able to show the absoluteness of this contingency, says Meillassoux, then contingency itself becomes 'immunized' against the procedure of correlationism to subsume contingency in-itself under contingency for-us (AF 55/75).