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1. Surgery
a. catgut, silk thread, or wire used to stitch together two bodily surfaces
b. the surgical seam formed after joining two surfaces
2. Anatomy a type of immovable joint, esp between the bones of the skull (cranial suture)
3. Zoology a line of junction in a mollusc shell, esp the line between adjacent chambers of a nautiloid shell
4. Botany a line marking the point of dehiscence in a seed pod or capsule
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the surgical uniting, chiefly by a surgical needle and suture material, of tissues cut during surgery or separated by an injury. Threads made of silk, linen, or Dacron and other polymeric materials are used in superficial sutures. In buried sutures, which are applied to internal organs and tissues, absorbable materials, such as catgut or biologically inert polymeric threads, are used; buried sutures are not removed.

One type of superficial suture, cosmetic suture, which is applied to the face, is made using threads of horsehair or thin ca-pron. Osteorrhaphy (osteosynthesis) is a type of buried suture. Primary, primo-secondary, and secondary sutures are distinguished on the basis of when the sutures are applied, which depends on the type of wound. The sutureless union of tissues is achieved with various adhesives made from polymeric materials (for example, cyanoacrylate) or with metal clamps.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A distinguishable line of union between two closely united parts.
A fine thread used to close a wound or surgical incision.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Many recent studies compared results of absorbable and non absorbable sutures. Non absorbable sutures were found to have slightly better cosmetic outcome and little post operative pain.
It is not like the traditional absorbable sutures such as chromic catgut.
Tissue reaction and surface morphology of absorbable sutures after in vivo exposure.
After going through these studies the balance of published data tilts towards the use of absorbable suture material like Polyglactin 910 in non infected skin lacerations.
Absorbable sutures break down after a period of time as the wound heals.
Request for Free Sample Report@ Absorbable sutures were introduced into the market some 40 years ago and were earlier made of biological materials such as catgut.
Dallas, TX, November 09, 2016 --( The APAC Absorbable and Non Absorbable Sutures Market is segmented on the basis of product type, surgery type and geography.
In a separate study, the team found that using absorbable sutures is as effective as silk sutures in surgery for major trichiasis, but that absorbable sutures have the added advantage of eliminating the need for patients to return to a clinic to have the stitches removed.