As in this paper the focus is on investigating the effects of the AIT texture on the absorptance
of the a-Si:H thin-film solar cell precursors, no wet-chemical postdeposition AZO texturing step was applied in these experiments.
For cooling demand, Case 1, which only uses the area ratio to calculate diffuse solar radiation (without consideration of reflectance or absorptance
), has the highest error rate (up to 11%) because the ceiling's absorptance
is only 20%, and using the area ratio to weight causes the model to overestimate the amount of diffuse solar radiation distributed on the ceiling, especially in situations with large floor/ceiling areas.
(1994), using instrumentation similar to that used in the present work, observed peak absorptance
values in the 400 to 700 nm range of greater than 0.90 for fully expanded 11th leaves of field grown maize.
[Q.sub.hbl] = heat from solar radiation transmitted through the window and absorbed by the sphere (absorptance
of the sphere is assumed to be 0.7)
where, [f.sub.w_i] is view factor from window to surface i, [F.sub.other_i] is view factor from other surface to surface i, a is the absorptance
, [A.sub.lighting_i] is the lighting area on surface i, [summation over ([A.sub.lighting_i])] is the total lighting area on internal surfaces.
The benefits of the advanced shading system are more prominent when a material with higher absorptance
The baseline paint solar-weighted absorptance
was 64.1% with 60.9% absorptance
in the near-infrared spectrum.
At the time of installing a new roof or resurfacing a pavement, typically choices are available to select surfaces with lower solar absorptance
(higher reflectance) at no incremental cost.
This proposed selective absorber has approximately unity absorptance
below the cutoff wavelength to maximize the absorbed solar energy, and a much lower emittance beyond the cutoff wavelength to minimize the thermal reemission.
The action spectrum, absorptance
and quantum yield of photosynthesis in crop plants.
Figure 1 shows the raw absorptance
spectra of masson pine seedling leaves.
[K.sup.-4]) [theta]: Angle of incidence ([omicron]) [tau]: Transmittance of glass cover [alpha]: Absorptance
of the receiver [gamma]: Intercept factor [rho]: Reflectance of the mirror.