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Related to abstract: abstract noun, Abstract class


1. denoting art characterized by geometric, formalized, or otherwise nonrepresentational qualities
2. Philosophy (of an idea) functioning for some empiricists as the meaning of a general term
3. an abstract painting, sculpture, etc.
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a brief oral or written summary of a book, a scientific or scholarly work, or the results of a scientific or scholarly study. An abstract generally aims to provide scientific or scholarly information. The dissertation abstract written by those seeking the degree of candidate or doctor of sciences is a summary of the dissertation’s chief scholarly and theoretical propositions.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
'the change of motion is proportional to the impressed force,' or that 'whatever has extension is divisible,' these propositions are to be understood of motion and extension in general; and nevertheless it will not follow that they suggest to my thoughts an idea of motion without a body moved, or any determinate direction and velocity, or that I must conceive an abstract general idea of extension, which is neither line, surface, nor solid, neither great nor small, black, white, nor red, nor of any other determinate colour.
And here it is to be noted that I do not deny absolutely there are general ideas, but only that there are any ABSTRACT general ideas; for, in the passages we have quoted wherein there is mention of general ideas, it is always supposed that they are formed by abstraction, after the manner set forth in sections 8 and 9.
Berkeley's view in the above passage, which is essentially the same as Hume's, does not wholly agree with modern psychology, although it comes nearer to agreement than does the view of those who believe that there are in the mind single contents which can be called abstract ideas.
Suppose that in the end you had an abstract memory-image of the different appearances presented by the negro on different occasions, but no memory-image of any one of the single appearances.
I can consider the hand, the eye, the nose, each by itself abstracted or separated from the rest of the body.
Factors associated with the full publication of studies presented in abstract form at the annual meeting of the American Urological Association.
Abstract selected whether for oral or poster presentation will bepublished in the special edition of the Symposium's Newsletter.
A research abstract is a brief summary of the main components of the research project (Brockopp & Hastings-Tolsma, 2003).
Research Council members are willing to offer pre-review assistance and limited telephone consultation to persons who would like help with their poster abstracts, provided the abstract is received by Friday, June 8, 2012.
There are some different guides pertaining to writing an abstract. First of all, Tuckman (1978: 340) proposes a guide of writing an abstract as follows: 1) it should be about 150 to 200 words; 2) it is a summary of the article; 3) it should be attractive; 4) it should be provided with three to five key words.
However, reliance on an abstract without reading the entire article creates risks for the quality and integrity of both the original work, and the work in progress.
An abstract is a summary or, more precisely, a condensed version of your paper.