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in the USSR a full member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, the academies of sciences of the Union republics, and several branch academies. Full members of republic academies of sciences and several branch academies are given the title of the academy to which they belong-for example, Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Georgian SSR or Academician of the All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences.

Academicians are chosen by a general meeting of a given academy. The right to nominate candidates and full members to an academy is granted to scholarly institutions, social organizations, and individual scholars. The Academy of Sciences of the USSR has the ranks of honorary academician and foreign member; the academies of sciences of the Union republics have the rank of honorary member.

In prerevolutionary Russia the rank of academician was granted not only to full members of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences but also to the professors of the Military-Medical Academy and to member artists of the Academy of Arts. The rank of honorary academician was granted to writers chosen by the members of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences committee on belles-lettres.

The rank of academician also exists in several academies in socialist countries.

References in periodicals archive ?
In conclusion, academicians must be vigilant and cautious for predatory journals promising rapid reviewing and publishing for any paper.
The seminar targets academicians, economists, university professors and students of higher studies, researchers and specialists.
If any of the lustrated academicians had held a high-ranking position at the Academy, they would have been relieved of that duty.
Gorgi Stardelov, Blaze Ristevski and others are among the academicians that made the plan for division in 2001.
Over the past six years, Project Genesis has helped us reach out to over 85,569 students through 3,138 academicians in 1,594 educational institutions across 7 states in India.
The items numbered 2, 3, 5, 7, 27, 31 in the scale were devised by the adjustment of items numbered 1, 10, 11, 12, 19, 21 in Yayla's "Music Education Department Academicians Questionnaire Form".
ANKARA, Jul 28, 2011 (TUR) -- A 45-member group of foreign ambassadors, Turkish diplomats and academicians began their train journey from capital city of Ankara to Cappadocia on Thursday as part of activities to introduce Turkey to Dutch youth.
25 Sandown The Royal Academicians are among the greatest names in contemporary British art.
Summary: RAS AL KHAIMAH - His Highness Shaikh Saud bin Saqr Al Qasimi, Member of the Supreme Council and Ruler of Ras Al Khaimah, presented the 7th RAK Award for Creativity and Excellence to outstanding students, distinguished academicians, teachers and administrative staff at a function held on Thursday.
Morocco's ambassador to Argentina Larbi Reffouh handed out the award to Laurence in a ceremony organized, on Tuesday, in the presence of several Argentinean scientists and academicians, in addition to Arab and African diplomats.
DUHUK / Aswat al-Iraq: A delegation comprised of students and academicians from the Swedish Lund University has visited the University of Duhuk to get acquainted with the geography of the area, an informed source said on Thursday.
In this process it will include ethnic Albanian academicians, the presidency of the Academy decided at its meeting Wednesday.