acanthocyte


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acanthocyte

[ə′kan·thō‚sīt]
(pathology)
A crenated red cell which has a distinctive spiky outline.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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The 10 class labels chosen were based on clinical significance and availability: schistocytes, dacrocytes (teardrop cells), acanthocytes, elliptocytes, stomatocytes, spherocytes, codocytes (target cells), echinocytes, overlap, and normal.
Distinguished from other species of Stropharia by the smooth and dark brown pi leus, abundant veil remnants on the pileus margin, basidiospores 10.5-13 X 6.5-8 [micro]m, pleuro- and cheilocystidia as chrysocystidia, and presence of scattered acanthocytes in the hymenium and stipe apex.
Approximately 50% acanthocytes were observed in the peripheral smear (Figure-1, diluted with saline).
rugosoannulata is related to nematophagous fungi found in woods, grasslands and composts (Luo et al., 2006) which produce specialized structure of large spike cell called acanthocytes (Farr, 1980), which mechanically destroy nematodes eggs as well as J2.
Section II discusses the specifics of grading individual red blood cell abnormalities and defines a grading system described in words and images for anisocytosis, poikilocytosis, microcytosis, macrocytosis, hypochromia, polychromasia, blister cells, target cells, teardrop cells, schistocytes, sickle cells, spherocytes, acanthocytes, echinocytes, elliptocytes, stomatocytes, Howell-Jolly bodies, basophilic stippling, Pappenheimer bodies, rouleaux, and agglutination.
oviparasitica produce adhesive networks, large spike cells called acanthocytes, and adhesive knobs or non-constricting rings, respectively (Jansson and Nordbring-hertz, 1979; Lopez-LIorca et al., 2007; Zouhar et al., 2013).
The hematuria is considered glomerular in origin when [greater than or equal to] 40 percent of at least 100 urinary RBC are dysmorphic, or [greater than or equal to] 5 percent are proven to be acanthocytes via phase contrast microscopy.
Blood film did not show any acanthocytes. Blood glucose concentration was 503 mg% with HbA1C of 9.3%.
Other clinical manifestations are serum [alpha]-tocopherol concentrations below or at the lower limit of the reference interval and abnormal erythrocyte morphology with characteristic acanthocytes, as seen in persons with vitamin E deficiency (4).
Acanthocytes are found more frequently in peripheral smears from patients with AD; in some individuals, this increase was noted a decade before the onset of dementia.[28] Walter and Widen[24] have demonstrated that electrophoretic mobility of red blood cells from patients with AD differs from healthy controls and that this difference depends on the anticoagulant used, appearing in citrate and oxalate but not in EDTA or heparin.
However, this system relies on erythrocyte volume and size, and the flow cytometer distinguishes erythrocytes on the basis of cellular diameter but cannot recognize dysmorphic erythrocytes with altered shape, such as acanthocytes or codocytes (8).
Use as concise description when Howell-Jolly bodies are present, accompanied by small numbers (e.g., [less than]5%-10%) target cells, acanthocytes, spherocytes, and Pappenheimer bodies.