acanthus


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acanthus

(əkăn`thəs), common name for a member of the Acanthaceae, a family of chiefly perennial herbs and shrubs, mostly native to the tropics. A few members of the family, many of which have decorative spiny leaves, are cultivated as ornamentals—especially the Mediterranean acanthus, or bear's-breech (genus Acanthus), whose ornate leaves were the source of a stylized motif used in Greek and Roman art (see Corinthian orderCorinthian order,
most ornate of the classic orders of architecture. It was also the latest, not arriving at full development until the middle of the 4th cent. B.C. The oldest known example, however, is found in the temple of Apollo at Bassae (c.420 B.C.).
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). In Christian art the acanthus symbolizes heaven. Some species of the genus Ruellia are native to and cultivated as ornamentals in North America, chiefly in the South. Acanthus is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Scrophulariacles.

Acanthus

A common plant of the Mediterranean, whose leaves, stylized, form the characteristic decoration of capitals of the Corinthian and Composite orders. In scroll form it appears on friezes and panels.

Acanthus

 

a genus of herbs and, more rarely, bushes of the Acanthaceae family.

Acanthus leaves usually form a rosette and are very large, simple, often pinnately cut, sinuate, and prickly. The blossoms of the dense top circle are usually white, red, or light blue; the bracts are large, prickly, and dented.

There are about 40 species of the acanthus in the warm regions of Asia, in Africa, and in the Mediterranean area. The acanthus is often grown for decoration in the southern USSR. The shape of the leaves of the Acanthus molis, Acanthus spinosus, and Acanthus syriacus is used as ornamentation in Corinthian and Composite capitals, moldings, and acroterions, and in the ornamentation of friezes and cornices.

acanthus

[ə′kan·thəs]
(architecture)
A sculptured ornamentation representing the leaves of an Acanthus, a Mediterranean prickly herb.

acanthus

acanthus
A common plant of the Mediterranean, whose leaves, stylized, form the characteristic decoration of capitals of Corinthian and Composite orders. In scroll form it appears on friezes, panels, etc.

acanthus

1. any shrub or herbaceous plant of the genus Acanthus, native to the Mediterranean region but widely cultivated as ornamental plants, having large spiny leaves and spikes of white or purplish flowers: family Acanthaceae
2. a carved ornament based on the leaves of the acanthus plant, esp as used on the capital of a Corinthian column
References in periodicals archive ?
The fresh plants Clerodendron inerme, Acanthus ilicifolius was collected from in and around Bharathiar University Campus, Coimbatore, India.
Procedure: Corinthian columns typically have sculpted leaves of the acanthus plant at their tops, or capitals.
In the U14s Conference, champions Acanthus Juniors were forced to battle hard to maintain their amazing winning streak against Westgarth United, who themselves looked title challengers early in the season.
Acanthus has a mind of its own and spreads by thick, fleshy roots.
Take root cuttings of border perennials such as acanthus, border phlox, echinops, oriental poppies and verbascum, then put them in a cold frame or greenhouse.
The Edwards have formed a partnership with chef Pallister, who oversees the hotel's two excellent eateries - No 1 The Bank, for informal lunches and dinner, and the highly rated Acanthus Restaurant for fine dining.
Wisely, everybody else on this architectural chat room has opted for names like Assassin, Acanthus and, erm, Woody.
Under Wedgwood's Johnson Brothers brand comes two accessory-driven patterns: Acanthus Cream and Acanthus Blue.
Other elements of this cluster are Ionic volutes, Corinthian acanthus leaves, oak leaves, and broken column shafts.
Boxwood edges one side of the steps; Yucca recurvifolia flanks the entry at the top, as do a pair of Acanthus mollis in large terra cotta pots.
Verbascum, primula, Japanese anemones, acanthus, oriental poppies (pictured) and phlox are all suitable species for this method.
CONGRATULATIONS go to Acanthus, who have clinched the U14s Conference title with three games to spare - while also maintaining their flawless record of 15 wins from 15 games.