accent

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accent

accent, in speech, emphasis given a particular sound, called prosodic systems in linguistics. There are three basic accentual methods: stress, tone, and length. In English each word has at least one primary stressed syllable, as in weathˈer; words of several syllables may also have secondary stress as in elˈe-vaˌtor. In English, vowels in unaccented syllables are often pronounced as ə regardless of the orthographic letter. Thus, the vowels of the second syllables in cirˈcus, naˈtion, therˈmos, easˈily, saunˈa, and sorˈrel are all pronounced the same. Sentence stress, known as intonation or contour, includes three basic patterns: the statement, It's a dog, where the pitch pattern is level-high-low; the yes/no question, Is it a dog? where the pattern is level-high pitch; and the command, Catch him! which begins high and ends low. Both word stress and sentence stress occur in English. However, emphasis of certain words within a sentence is optional. Tonal languages, such as Chinese and Swedish, have a system of high:low and/or rising:falling tones. Duration or length of sounds (quantity) is used in some languages to create systematic differences. No language uses all three types of accentual systems. In writing, accent is also used to show syllable stress as in Spanish María (acute accent) and Italian pietà (grave accent). Such written symbols, misleadingly termed accents, are often used only to signal specific pronunciation rather than stress, as in French élève. The word accent in English is also understood to mean the pronunciation and speech patterns that are typical of a speech community; it also denotes the particular manner of uttered expression that lends a special shade of meaning, as when one speaks in harsh or gentle accents. See also ablaut and phonetics.
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accent

1. Music
a. stress placed on certain notes in a piece of music, indicated by a symbol printed over the note concerned
b. the rhythmic pulse of a piece or passage, usually represented as the stress on the first beat of each bar
2. Maths either of two superscript symbols indicating a specific unit, such as feet (ʹ), inches (ʺ), minutes of arc (ʹ), or seconds of arc (ʺ)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Accent

(language)
A very high level interpreted language from CaseWare, Inc. with strings and tables. It is strongly typed and has remote function calls.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)
References in classic literature ?
Upon these rules of accent and alliteration the strict form of Anglo-Saxon verse was based.
She possesses a pretty good accent; of her real knowledge of the language I have as yet had no opportunity of forming an opinion."
"Non, Madame," said the boy; but she must have known, from his accent, of what country he was, for she answered him with a slight foreign tone.
"Come and give me good luck," she said, still in a foreign accent, quite different from that frank and perfectly English "Thank you," with which she had saluted Georgy's coup in her favour.
But Jos looking frightened, she continued, in her pretty French accent, "You do not play to win.
The keen frosty air; the low, rosy, wintry sun; the castle, hailing him like an old acquaintance; the names of friends on door-plates; the sight of friends whom he seemed to recognise, and whom he eagerly avoided, in the streets; the pleasant chant of the north-country accent; the dome of St.
John?' cried the voice, with a sudden increase of Scotch accent, testifying to a friendlier feeling.
"Say monsieur, and speak quickly," replied the unknown, with that haughty accent which admits of neither discussion nor reply.
I express myself badly, or perhaps, as monsieur is a foreigner, which I perceive by his accent "
"Commander in Chief Kutuzov?" said the newly arrived general speaking quickly with a harsh German accent, looking to both sides and advancing straight toward the inner door.
It was not raised to any high pitch; its accent was the accent of prayer, and the words it uttered were these:
Of the 1,882 people who responded to a poll asking if society in the UAE views people who have western (British or American accents) as more educated or at an advantage, 69 per cent said yes.