access point


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access point

(1) Generically, any computer or device in a network that users can gain access to can be called an access point.

(2) In most cases, an access point is a base station in a wireless LAN. Although there are other wireless technologies that use access points, the term generally refers to a Wi-Fi network. Access points (APs) can be stand-alone devices that plug into a router or switch; however, access point functionality is also built into a wireless router, which is widely used in most homes and small offices (see wireless router).

Like a Cellular Phone System
Multiple access points can be deployed in an organization, and users roaming with their mobile devices are handed off from one access point (AP) to another.

AP Name = Service Set Identifier (SSID)
Wi-Fi networks are assigned a name by the user or network administrator. When devices search for Wi-Fi networks, they display the names, called "service set identifiers" (SSIDs), of all the Wi-Fi access points in the vicinity. For more details, see SSID. See virtual access point and wireless LAN.


Access Points
Access points (APs) are similar to cellphone towers, but transmit shorter distances. Their coverage ranges from as little as 50 feet in diameter to as far as 1,000 feet with amplification. Mobile users are automatically handed off from one access point to another as they meander.







First 802.11 Access Point
The InTalk WR1200 was the first access point (AP) to conform to the IEEE 802.11 standard. Introduced in 1998, the unit supported a maximum rate of 2 Mbps. (Image courtesy of Jod Edney.)







External or Internal Antennas
Stand-alone access points are available with external antennas like the desktop unit (top) as well as ceiling mounted with internal antennas (bottom).


External or Internal Antennas
Stand-alone access points are available with external antennas like the desktop unit (top) as well as ceiling mounted with internal antennas (bottom).







There Is an Antenna Inside
Open up the ceiling-mounted access point (previous image), and you find the antenna inside the case.
References in periodicals archive ?
EAP2200:11ac Wave 2 Access Point, Tri-band, with built-in antenna
The 3Com OfficeConnect Wireless 108Mbps 11g PoE Access Point provides high-speed wireless networking for small-and-medium businesses, remote sites and temporary locations.
As a wireless access point it creates the connection to your network.
Once that password is guessed, the intruder gains full access to the access point.
The SSID is a 32-character unique identifier attached to the header of packets sent over a wireless network (WLAN) that acts as a password when a mobile device tries to connect to the access point.
When Grappone, associate director of Development for Stanford's Information Resources and Technology department, set out at the end of 2001 to build the School of Medicine's wireless network, an AirMagnet signal search revealed dozens of wireless access points on and around campus that students had set up themselves.
Customer trials have confirmed the success of the Bridge/Router's multi-functionality, including its ability to receive backhaul from a Vivato switch and increase the capacity of the system by adding additional coverage using the access point functionality.
Wavelink's rogue access point detection solution will also be a software enhancement to the existing products and will be available in the Fall of 2002.