accessory

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accessory,

in criminal law, a person who, though not present at the commission of a crime, becomes a participator in the crime either before or after the fact of commission. An accessory before the fact is one whose counsel or instigation leads another to commit a crime. An accessory after the fact is one who, having knowledge that a crime has been committed, aids, or attempts to aid, the criminal to escape apprehension. In a misdemeanormisdemeanor,
in law, a minor crime, in contrast to a felony. At common law a misdemeanor was a crime other than treason or a felony. Although it might be a grave offense, it did not affect the feudal bond or take away the offender's property. By the 19th cent.
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 and in treason there is no distinction between principals and accessories. In some states the common law distinction between principal and accessory before the fact has been abolished, and the accessory before the fact is prosecuted as a principal. The penalties for being an accessory are usually much less severe than those meted out to the principal. Except where statutes provide differently, an accessory cannot be tried without his consent before the conviction of the principal, unless both are tried together. If an accessory is called as a witness, the court must decide if he is also an accomplice, because the testimony of an accomplice must be corroborated. An accomplice has been defined as any person who could be prosecuted for the crime of which the defendant is accused. This would include principals and accessories before the fact; depending on the jurisdiction and the facts of the case it might also include conspirators (see under conspiracyconspiracy,
in law, agreement of two or more persons to commit a criminal or otherwise unlawful act. At common law, the crime of conspiracy was committed with the making of the agreement, but present-day statutes require an overt step by a conspirator to further the conspiracy.
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) and accessories after the fact.

accessory

[ak′ses·ə·rē]
(mechanical engineering)
A part, subassembly, or assembly that contributes to the effectiveness of a piece of equipment without changing its basic function; may be used for testing, adjusting, calibrating, recording, or other purposes.

accessory

1. Law a person who incites someone to commit a crime or assists the perpetrator of a crime, either before or during its commission
2. assisting in or having knowledge of an act, esp a crime

accessory

Equipment that supports other equipment. For example, smartphone accessories include phone cases, chargers and cables. Examples of computer accessories are laptop bags, cables, screen cleaners and USB drives, although the latter may also be considered a peripheral device. See peripheral.
References in periodicals archive ?
Equation type 3 also reveals that Positivity and Self-Assurance as top strengths have higher accessorial charges per mile.
(340) Accessorial liability derives from A's involvement in P's offending (341) On derivative principles the accessory is liable only if she in fact participates in the primary offending.
* One example of a new accessorial fee that was needed was Cold-Chain management of certain temperature controlled moves.
Accessorial liability was well established by the eighteenth century in both the common law tradition and in international law.
Separation and shield for signal and other grounding, interface of accessorial parts can hold inner circuit off the ESD interference effectively.
Hargovan, 'Widening the Net: Accessorial Liability for Continuous
The term is used here to paraphrase the wide range of accessorial liability covered by [section] 2(a).
However, the transportation cost is not all inclusive of other charges for accessorial services required to move the cargo to its destination.
This pattern appears to be accessorial to a main pattern in the zone below, only a small tip of which remains.
As explained to us, Families First does not fully meet Title VII documentation requirements for federal payments because the documentation that DOD is to use as evidence of receipt of accessorial services does not provide adequate assurances about the propriety of these services.