accident


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accident

1. Logic Philosophy a nonessential attribute or characteristic of something (as opposed to substance)
2. Metaphysics a property as contrasted with the substance in which it inheres
3. Geology a surface irregularity in a natural formation, esp in a rock formation or a river system

Accident

 

in philosophy, a term for the incidental or immaterial as opposed to the substantial or essential.

It is first encountered in Aristotle’s Metaphysics and Physics; later Porphyry divided accidents into those which are separable—for example, a dream for a man—and those which are inseparable—for example, dark skin pigmentation for a Negro. The concept of accident was developed in scholasticism, which viewed several characteristics of things as “real accidents,” existing on their own without regard for the substances in which they are usually inherent. Descartes, Hobbes, and other 17th-century philosophers rejected the existence of “real accidents”; following this vein, Spinoza replaced the term “accident” with the term “modus,” by which he meant the isolated manifestation of substance. The concept of accident is encountered in Kant, Fichte, and other philosophers of the 18th and 19th centuries and also in formal logic—for example, in J. S. Mill and F. C. S. Schiller.

V. V. SOKOLOV


Accident

 

in civil law, a circumstance leading to the nonfulfillment or improper fulfillment of obligations by a debtor, without the debtor or the creditor subject to blame. As a general rule, an accident frees the debtor of liability involving his own assets.

In Soviet law, the responsibility for accidents is acknowledged only under circumstances specified by law. For example, enterprises especially established to store property, such as storage and cold-storage enterprises, are held liable for accidents. The same is true of organizations and citizens whose work or other activity entails risk or danger, such as transport organizations and motor vehicle owners. Air transport organizations are held liable for death, maiming, or other injury to a passenger during takeoff, landing, or flight, as well as during the boarding and deplaning of passengers. This applies not only to accidents but also to the effects of force majeure, as stipulated in Article 101 ofthe Air Code of the USSR.

What does it mean when you dream about an accident?

Accident dreams can represent a variety of different situations, from straightforward fears of being in an actual, physical accident (or memories of such an accident) to a sense that one is headed for a more metaphorical “crack up.” We may be so preoccupied with something that we are not paying attention, or so involved in the rat race that we need to slow down. As extensions of ourselves, vehicles often represent the physical body, so an accident dream may indicate a health problem or anxieties about health. If the general tone of the dream is positive (even if violent), accidents may symbolize something or some part of life of which one is letting go.

accident

[′ak·sə‚dent]
(hydrology)
An interruption in a river that interferes with, or sometimes stops, the normal development of the river system.

accident

A sudden, unexpected event identifiable as to time and place. Also see occurrence.

accident

An occurrence associated with the operation of an aircraft that takes place between the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flying until the time that all such persons have disembarked, in which
i. A person is fatally or seriously injured as a result of (a) being in the aircraft; (b) direct contact with any part of the aircraft, including parts that have become detached; or (c) direct exposure to jet blast, except when the injuries are the result of natural causes, self-inflicted, inflicted by other persons, or to stowaways hiding outside the areas normally available to the passengers and crew. For statistical uniformity only, an injury resulting in death within 30 days of the accident is classified as fatal.
ii. The aircraft sustains damage or structural failure that (a) adversely affects its structural strength, performance, or flight and (b) would normally require major repairs or replacement of the affected component, except for engine failure or damage limited to the engine, its cowlings, or accessories; propellers; wing tips; antennae; tires; brakes; fairings; small dents; or puncture holes in the aircraft skin.
iii. The aircraft is missing or is completely inaccessible. An aircraft is considered missing when the official search has been terminated and the wreckage has not been located.

accident

In risk management, any unanticipated or unpredictable event that may interfere with normal functions or cause logical or physical damage to data.
References in periodicals archive ?
The 7pm accident occurred near Maulto along the busy Narok-Mai Mahiu Highway, about 35 kilometres from Narok town.
This stagnation in the accident rate attracted the attention of both the aviation community and government, including the FAA and the NTSB, who collectively formed the General Aviation Joint Steering Committee (GAJSC), to address these and other concerns.
KARACHI -- Speakers at a seminar held in Karachi University (KU) on Thursday highlighted the gravity of road safety issues in the country and said that Pakistan topped the list of Asian countries having the highest number of deaths in road traffic accidents whereas Karachi ranked fourth in these kinds of deaths in the world.
While briefing participants, Inspector Baseer said that annually 1.2 million people lost their lives due to road accidents all over the world and during 2107 the ratio was increased up to 1.3 million accidents.
The geo-referenced fatal pedestrian accident points were analyzed using KDE method which is a spatial analysis tool.
Automobile accidents can leave victims upset, disoriented, and unsettled.
Following the accident, you should stop your car and find out whether or not anyone was injured in the accident.
Figure 3 shows the number of accidents in each of the six accident types in 2014 (left axis) plotted against the number of fatal accidents (right axis) [4].
Temir Jumakadyrov was killed in road accident on October 7, 2017 when the 27-year-old Aftandil Taalaybek uulu lost control over the truck and collided head on with the Toyota Land Cruiser of Jumakadyrov.
A 35-year-old Emirati man died and three others received serious injuries in a horrific accident on Saturday evening in Al Hamriya area.
"To provide an alternative to police reports as a requirement in the processing of motor insurance claims, non-life insurance companies are now mandated to recognize traffic accident investigation report," Funa said.A traffic accident investigation report is a document prepared by authorized persons including traffic officers, personnel or constables of the Metro Manila Development Authority or its counterpart in the local government units who are duly certified by the Land Transportation Office to have completed and passed the necessary course on traffic accident investigation reporting.
To be a valid insurance-claims document, traffic-accident investigation reports are required to be attested by the parties involved in the accident and by the person who prepared the same, and must contain the following information: adequate information on the location of the accident; identity of the parties involved in the accident and witnesses; narrative description of the facts of the accident; a simple diagram of the scene of the accident; traffic violation, if any; available closed-circuit television footages; and photographs.