acculturation

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acculturation,

culture changes resulting from contact among various societies over time. Contact may have distinct results, such as the borrowing of certain traits by one cultureculture,
in anthropology, the integrated system of socially acquired values, beliefs, and rules of conduct which delimit the range of accepted behaviors in any given society. Cultural differences distinguish societies from one another.
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 from another, or the relative fusion of separate cultures. Early studies of acculturation reacted against the predominant trend of trying to reconstruct cultures of presumably isolated societies. Such work was faulted for implying that various cultural groups enjoyed an unchanging, precontact period. In this view, the anthropologist's job seemed quite simple, since each culture could be perceived as a unitary whole. Interactions with other peoples have, in fact, always been a significant feature of social life. Early studies of contact called attention to resulting social and individual psychological disturbances. Studies today often call attention to the development of one complex world system, in which some societies dominate others economically, politically, and socially. Many cultural theorists also observe the ways in which cultural groups resist domination, often working against acculturation in the process. Syncretism occurs when a subordinate group molds elements of a dominant culture to fit its own traditions. Acculturation differs from assimilation, in which different ethnic groups combine to form a new culture.

acculturation

  1. (especially in CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY) a process in which contacts between different cultural groups lead to the acquisition of new cultural patterns by one, or perhaps both groups, with the adoption of all or parts of the other's culture.
  2. any transmission of culture between groups, including transfer between generations (although in this instance the terms ENCULTURATION and SOCIALIZATION are more usual).

Acculturation

 

the process of mutual influence of cultures; the total or partial acceptance by one people of the culture of another, usually more developed, people.

The term acculturation first received scholarly usage in the USA in the 1930’s in connection with a study of the contemporary culture of the American Indians. Later, American ethnographers also studied the acculturation of the peoples of Asia, Africa, and Oceania, using the term to conceal the enforced assimilation of oppressed peoples.

After the war the problem of acculturation occupied a prominent position in the works of scholars in India and Latin America—that is, in countries where national consolidation involved a population made up of groups with diverse origins and various levels of cultural and historical development.

The study of the processes of acculturation demands a historical approach to the culture of the peoples being studied. In Soviet literature the term acculturation has not been given an independent meaning, but the processes it designates have been successfully studied by Soviet ethnographers as processes of assimilation and rapprochement of peoples.

REFERENCE

Bakhta, V. M. “Problema akkul’turatsii v sovremennoi etnograficheskoi literature SShA.” In the anthology Sovremennaia amerikanskaia etnografiia. Moscow, 1963. (With bibliography.)

V. M. BAKHTA

References in periodicals archive ?
Recent Arrivals -The least acculturated of all groups, these households more frequently comprise immigrants who have resided less than 10 years in the United States.
Since the mainland had less use for slaves at this point, and preferred the more acculturated blacks anyway, many of these late arrivals remained on the islands (Jones-Jackson 9).
Despite experiencing more negative life events and not having many of the educational and financial advantages that the General Market and even the Acculturated Hispanic Boomers have had, Bicultural Hispanic Boomers have very positive attitudes, with 86% agreeing that they have been fortunate in life.
non-Hispanic White women population, whereas health behaviors for less acculturated women remain more embedded in, and likely influenced by, their culture of origin (Bethel & Schenker, 2005).
Their activities are partly acculturated, and they argue that the law should respect their ability to remain so.
This means more Hispanics are becoming acculturated to U.
Demand for these services could help close the access gap among less acculturated Latinos," says Adriana Waterston, Horowitz's Senior Vice President of Insights and Strategy.
Acculturated Hispanics have a median income of $62,000, are familiar with American culture and language, and tend to be more optimistic about the future.
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This phase is related to the anthropological construct cultural shock (Oberg, 1960; Pedersen, 1995); however, the feeling of culture shock may be different for AIs as compared with other groups because they are being acculturated to a land that was once occupied, governed, and used by their ancestors (Oswalt, 1988).
Partially acculturated workers represent 63% of Hispanic adults born in the United States or born elsewhere having lived in the U.
The commercials also feature her acculturated granddaughter who comments about her grandmother's fabric whitening not-so-modern regimen that, up until a week ago included traditional home remedies such as chlorine bleach, salt, milk and lemon.