accusation(redirected from accusations)
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(1) Procedural activity by legally empowered agencies or persons consisting in proving the guilt of a person who is being tried for a crime. Soviet law envisions three types of accusation: state, social, and private. State accusation is carried out by the prosecutor, social accusation is conducted by an authorized representative of an organization of working people (public prosecutor), and private accusation is conducted by the victim personally or through a representative. In some instances of private accusation the prosecuting attorney may press charges along with the victim or his representative. The law of some Union republics permits the victim to participate in pressing charges in cases other than those involving private accusation.
(2) The content of the accusation, formulated in the conclusion to indict; formulation of the accusation brought by the prosecutor and set forth in his speech.