accusation

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accusation

Law a formal charge brought against a person stating the crime that he is alleged to have committed

Accusation

 

in law:

(1) Procedural activity by legally empowered agencies or persons consisting in proving the guilt of a person who is being tried for a crime. Soviet law envisions three types of accusation: state, social, and private. State accusation is carried out by the prosecutor, social accusation is conducted by an authorized representative of an organization of working people (public prosecutor), and private accusation is conducted by the victim personally or through a representative. In some instances of private accusation the prosecuting attorney may press charges along with the victim or his representative. The law of some Union republics permits the victim to participate in pressing charges in cases other than those involving private accusation.

(2) The content of the accusation, formulated in the conclusion to indict; formulation of the accusation brought by the prosecutor and set forth in his speech.

References in classic literature ?
At this moment the accuser concluded with these words: "The present accusation is preferred by us in the name of the English people."
I deny this charge I maintain my innocence, and I declare the falsehood of this accusation I challenge the privilege of trial by combat, and will appear by my champion.''
Seeing that his accusation of Sonia had completely failed, he had recourse to insolence:
"Now," said the deputy, "answer me frankly, not as a prisoner to a judge, but as one man to another who takes an interest in him, what truth is there in the accusation contained in this anonymous letter?" And Villefort threw disdainfully on his desk the letter Dantes had just given back to him.
Having heard his accusation from the mouth of Mrs Wilkins, he pleaded not guilty, making many vehement protestations of his innocence.
I have mentioned an accusation which has rested on me for years.
I have it in charge from Mr Boffin to discover, and I am very desirous for myself to discover, whether that retracted accusation still leaves any stain upon her.
With this exordium, Bella set forth that request of Lizzie's touching secrecy, and delicately spoke of that false accusation and its retraction, and asked might she beg to be informed whether it had any bearing, near or remote, on such request.
Furthermore, the exact mechanism by which essentially arbitrary accusations and punishments were supposed to have changed the status and activities of women, and exactly what the nature of those changes was, have never been systematically explained.
The Dail was twice adjourned in extraordinary scenes before Mr Gildea withdrew his accusations at the request of Ceann Comhairle Seamus Pattison.
As Alan Bray has shown, accusations of sodomitical relations between men recast this acceptable intimacy, depicting it as corrupted or inverted, the very stuff of disorderliness.
Peru's Alberto Fujimori dodged corruption accusations from his ex-wife Susana Higuchi.