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For example, acrolein levels were 50 times lower for the Lucky Strike cigarettes than what Health Canada reports, and while the researchers found polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons like acenaphthene three times higher in the iQOS than in cigarettes, it is not a chemical the FDA lists in its regulations.
EPA as priority pollutants, namely naphthalene (NAP), acenaphthylene (ACY), acenaphthene (ACE), fluorine (FLU), phenanthrene (PHE), anthracene (ANT), fluoranthene (FLA), pyrene (PYR), benzo[a] anthracene (BaA), chrysene (CHR), benzo[b] fluoranthene (BbF), benzo[k] fluoranthene (BkF), benzo [a] pyrene (BaP), dibenz[a,h] anthracene (DahA), benzo[g,h,i]perylene (BghiP), and indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene (IcdP).
Studied PAHs in the samples were Acenaphthene (Ace), Acenaphthylene (Acy), Anthracene (Ant), Anthanthrene (Anth), Benzo [a] Anthracene (BaA), Benzo [b] Fluoranthene (BbF), Benzo [a] Pyrene (BaP), Benzo [e] Pyrene (BeP), Benzo [ghi] Perylene (BgP), Benzo [k] Fluoranthene (BkF), Cyclopenta cd Pyrene (CcdP), Chrysene (Chr), Dibenzo [a,h] Anthracene (DahA), Fluorene (Flu), Fluoranthene (Flt), Phenanthrene (Phe), Pyrene (Pyr), Indeno [1,2,3-cd] Pyrene (Ind) [30].
In addition, the environmental protection agency (EPA) has set up an index of air pollution that refers to sixteen PAHs including naphthalene, acenaphthylene, acenaphthene, fluorene, phenanthrene, anthracene, fluoranthene, pyrene, benzo(a)anthracene, chrysene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, dibenzo(a,h)anthracene, benzo(ghi)perylene, indeno(1,2,3-cd) pyrene, benzo(a)pyrene, etc.
2001 Phenol AIFBR This study (a) Olive mill wastewater (b) Coal conversion wastewater (c) Pentachlorophenol (d) Poly aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) such as naphthalene, acenaphthene, pyrene and benzo(b)fluoranthene (e) ABR: Anaerobic baffled reactor, FFFB: Fixed film-fixed bed bioreactor, UAPB-GAC: Upflow anaerobic packed bed reactor filled with granular activated carbon, UAPB-SB: Upflow anaerobic packed bed reactor filled with silica beads, EGSB: Expanded granular sludge bed-based bioreactor, UASB: Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket, AFBR: Anaerobic fluidized bed bioreactor; AIFBR: Anaerobic immobilized fluidized bed bioreactor
Some PAHs have been classified as priority pollutants [9]; sixteen of the common or so "unsubstituted" PAHs, naphthalene, acenaphthylene, acenaphthene, fluorene, phenanthrene, anthracene, fluoranthene, pyrene, benzo[a]anthracene, chrysene, benzo[b]fluoranthene, benzo[k]fluoranthene, benzo[a]pyrene, dibenz[a,h]anthracene, benzo[g,h,i]perylene, and indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene, typically analyzed in standard contract laboratory scans have been listed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA).
The concentrations of acenaphthene, acenaphthylene, anthracene, fluorene and naphthalene were near or beyond the detection limit.
The sneezing that resulted at the initial stage of exposure could be the result of irritants released in the coils smoke such as aldehydes, sulphates and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons such as acenaphthene, penanthrene, benzo(a)pyrene (EPA 1998, Liu et al.
EPA 2012) to estimate ambient air concentrations of 16 PAHs (including the 12 PAHs measured in this study, as well as acenaphthene, acenaphthylene, fluorine, and naphthalene) attributable to emissions from major stationary sources (e.
All EPA Priority Pollutant PAHs except acenaphthene, acenaphthylene, and anthracene, were detected in all of the blends; however, only benzo[a]antracene, benzo[a]pyrene, and bezo[f]luoranthene consistently exceeded remediation criteria.