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acetate(ăs`ĭtāt'), one of the most important forms of artificial cellulose-based fibers; the ester of acetic acid. The first patents for the production of fibers from cellulose acetate appeared at the beginning of the 20th cent. During World War I, production of acetylcellulose began on an industrial scale for military applications. Acetate fibers are basically delivered in the form of a continuous textile yarn. Their principal use is in the production of widely used consumer goods, such as men's shirts, women's blouses, underwear, ties, bathing suits, jersey jackets and sweaters, suit fabrics, coats, and sports clothing.
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One of two species derived from acetic acid, CH3COOH; one type is the acetate ion, CH3COO-; the second type is a compound whose structure contains the acetate ion, such as ethyl acetate.
The official name for the textile fiber produced from partially hydrolyzed cellulose acetate. Formerly known as acetate rayon.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
1. any salt or ester of acetic acid, containing the monovalent ion CH3COO-- or the group CH3COO-
2. consisting of, containing, or concerned with the group CH3COO-
4. a sound recording disc composed of an acetate lacquer coating on an aluminium or plastic base: used for demonstration or other short-term purposes
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005