acid-base balance


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acid-base balance

[′as·əd ′bās ′bal·əns]
(physiology)
Physiologically maintained equilibrium of acids and bases in the body.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pre and interdialytic acid-base balance in hemodialysis patients.
The correlation between dietary cation-anion difference and acid-base balance of body fluid in dairy cow.
It is recommended to treat dRTA with potassium citrate, which is an effective treatment for both the symptoms and complications of dRTA by restoring acid-base balance. It is unknown whether treatment with steroids has a positive effect on autoimmune dRTA.
"In normal acid-base balance, the kidneys extract and catabolize very little of the plasma glutamine, but during acute and chronic acidosis the extraction of glutamine by the kidneys increases significantly."
Hence, the purpose of this study was to determine whether Wasserman's Anaerobic Threshold (AT), Mader's 4 mmol[??][L.sup.-1] Anaerobic Threshold (4mM), and Stegmann's Individual Anaerobic Threshold (IAT) models are valid and precise markers to maintain acid-base balance and metabolic steady-state during a non-stop 1-hr exercise.
Immediately before and after the 1st (baseline), 5th, 10th, and 15th training sessions, oxidative stress markers (plasma lipid hydroperoxides and plasma uric acid), plasma antioxidant capacity (6-hydroxy-2,5,7, 8-tetramethylchroman-2-carboxylic acid [TROLOX]), arterial blood gases, and acid-base balance analyses were performed.
MEAN AND STANDARD ERROR OF ENERGY METABOLISM AND ACID-BASE BALANCE IN BROILERS ANTE-MORTEM FOR THE POST-TRANSPORT, POST-LAIRAGE AND EXSANGUINATION (N=105).
Although the acid-base balance of our blood is constant, the pH inside our cells has a somewhat broader range, from slightly acidic to slightly alkaline.
Analysis of blood gases and electrolytes to assess tissue oxygenation, acid-base balance, and breathing efficiency is important in veterinary critical care of both mammals and birds.
From the research conducted (Dragnea, Cordun Teodorescu-Mate, 1990, quoted by Dragnea, Teodorescu-Mate, 2002) on a team of water polo players at the prepubertal age and the early stage of puberty, it has been found that the acid-base balance undergoes unessential changes (within normal limits) after heavy efforts.
They act as a fuel source, replacing the water lost during perspiration and maintaining the acid-base balance in the body during intense physical exercise.
Sodium, which is present in salt, is necessary to maintain plasma volume, acid-base balance, the transmission of nerve impulses, and normal cell function.