textures are also traditionally hard to keep consistent from mold to mold because of the inexact nature of the process.
"The owners and community will see an acid-etched
, integrally colored, extremely functional sculpture along the lakefront that artfully connects the beach and dune environment."
The samples were allocated on random basis into 2 groups: (Group 1) The acid-etched
group (control), which consisted of 25 premolar teeth which were etched using a 37% phosphoric acid gel (ExciTE F, Ivoclar Vivadent AG, FL-9494 Schaan/Liechtenstein) for 30 seconds, rinsed thoroughly with water, and dried in oil-free air until the enamel surface exhibited a frosty chalky appearance.
Liu et al., "Surface characteristics and biocompatibility of sandblasted and acid-etched
titanium surface modified by ultraviolet irradiation: an in vitro study," Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B Applied Biomaterials, vol.
The average reflectivity [R.sub.ave] of the acid etching DWS wafer (31.0%) is 5.7% higher than that of the MWSS wafer (25.3%), while the [R.sub.ave] of RIE DWS mc-Si wafer (15.1%) and MACE DWS mc-Si wafer (23.2%) is 15.9% and 7.8% less than that of the acid-etched
DWS mc-Si wafer (31.0%).
Cho, "Comparison of alkaline phosphatase activity of MC3T3-E1 cells cultured on different Ti surfaces: modified sandblasted with large grit and acid-etched
(MSLA), laser-treated, and laser and acid-treated Ti surfaces," The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics, vol.
Davies hypothesized that improved wettability and increased clot retention were measured at acid-etched
implant surfaces, resulting in improved osseointegration [18,19,22].
Traditional options include textured or stained glass and glass blocks, and more contemporary options include acid-etched
or sand-blasted glass and coloured glass.
PPG Industries and Walker Glass Co., Ltd., have combined proprietary technologies to create AviProtek with SOLARBAN glass, an advanced architectural glass that unites bird-friendly, acid-etched
patterns by Walker TEXTURES glass with high-performance solar control, low-emissivity (low-e) coatings by PPG.
The SEM microphotography of samples with Prime&Bond NT--Ceram X Mono (PB/CXM) placed perpendicular to the direction of the dentinal tubules (Figure 2) shows the composite (K), the adhesive layer (A) that is not penetrated into the acid-etched
dentin (D), the hybrid layer is visible as a bright area.
Lee et al., "Bond strengths of orthodontic bracket after acid-etched
, Er:YAG laser-irradiated and combined treatment on enamel surface," Angle Orthodontist, vol.