acidolysis

acidolysis

[‚as·ə′däl·ə·səs]
(organic chemistry)
A chemical reaction involving the decomposition of a molecule, with the addition of the elements of an acid to the molecule; the reaction is comparable to hydrolysis or alcoholysis, in which water or alcohol, respectively, is used in place of the acid. Also known as acyl exchange.
References in periodicals archive ?
Indeed, as acid, ester, alcohol, and carbonate functions are available, transesterifications, alcoholysis, acidolysis, and carbonate-ester functions can happen.
The process uses optimized acidolysis and involves feeding polyurethane waste crushed into small pieces into the reactor vessel via a specially designed screw conveyor.
The ECM fungi release elements stored in mineral particles through complexolysis and acidolysis as these are not readily available for micro-organisms.
In addition to hydrolyzing long-chain triacylglycerols, they can catalyze esterification, transesterification, acidolysis, alcoholysis, and aminolysis reactions.
In addition to their hydrolytic activity on triglycerides, lipases catalyze esterification, transesterification, acidolysis, alcoholysis and aminolysis (Table 3).
Polyester pairs can undergo chemical reactions at high temperatures in the solid state and in the melt, like alcoholysis, acidolysis, or direct ester interchange [9-11].
Although the process is not completely understood, the literature proposes three potential mechanisms of transesterification-alcoholysis, acidolysis, and direct ester exchange [22, 23].
It is generally known that the transesterification reactions of polyester blends occur in the molten state via alcoholysis, acidolysis, and direct inter-change reactions, those reactions being as follows (21-24):
According to Porter (5) and Kotliar (6), the molecular weight distribution of blends of polyesters can be altered without changing the number of end groups by alcoholysis, acidolysis, or by transesterification.
Taking into account that the MA-Li units are involved, the reaction will probably be an intennolecular acidolysis between PET and PEMA-Li, according to the following scheme (18):