acidolysis

acidolysis

[‚as·ə′däl·ə·səs]
(organic chemistry)
A chemical reaction involving the decomposition of a molecule, with the addition of the elements of an acid to the molecule; the reaction is comparable to hydrolysis or alcoholysis, in which water or alcohol, respectively, is used in place of the acid. Also known as acyl exchange.
References in periodicals archive ?
01###7) favors acidolysis, with the release and enhanced mobility of free metal cations by protonation [36].
The recycling of plastic waste, apart from reducing the amount of waste, also helps to conserve natural resources as most polymeric materials are made from oil and gas [1, 5], The best-known methods of chemical recycling include: hydrolysis, glycolysis, alcoholysis, acidolysis, and aminolysis [3],
This property makes possible for them to execute a number of catalytic reactions such as alcoholysis acidolysis aminolysis esterification and transesterification (Coradi et al.
The process uses optimized acidolysis and involves feeding polyurethane waste crushed into small pieces into the reactor vessel via a specially designed screw conveyor.
In an organic medium, they catalyze a number of useful reactions including esterification, transesterification, acidolysis, alcoholysis, regioselective acylation of glycols and menthols, and synthesis of peptides and other chemicals (SHARMA et al.
Production of structured triacylglycerols by acidolysis catalyzed by lipases immobilized in a packed bed reactor," Biochemical Engineering Journal, vol.
The ECM fungi release elements stored in mineral particles through complexolysis and acidolysis as these are not readily available for micro-organisms.
Similarly, these fungi solubilize minerals and metal compounds by acidolysis mechanisms (chemolithotrophic processes with inorganic acids such as nitric and sulfuric acid) and complexolysis (chemolithotrophic processes with organic acids), as evidenced in the results obtained in this study (lime, hematite, alumina and magnesium).
In addition to hydrolyzing long-chain triacylglycerols, they can catalyze esterification, transesterification, acidolysis, alcoholysis, and aminolysis reactions.
In addition to their hydrolytic activity on triglycerides, lipases catalyze esterification, transesterification, acidolysis, alcoholysis and aminolysis (Table 3).
During the processes described above, organic acids are produced that participate in the biochemical weathering of the minerals of the parent materials, in a process called acidolysis.
Indeed, as acid, ester, alcohol, and carbonate functions are available, transesterifications, alcoholysis, acidolysis, and carbonate-ester functions can happen.